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Structural Reforms, Investment and Zero Lower Bound in a Monetary Union

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  • Andrea Gerali
  • Alessandro Notarpietro
  • Massimiliano Pisani

Abstract

type="main"> We assess the effects of competition-friendly reforms on the zero lower bound (ZLB) on the monetary policy rate in a monetary union, using a dynamic general equilibrium model calibrated to two regions within the euro area (EA) and the rest of the world. Reforms simultaneously implemented in the entire EA favor an earlier exit from the ZLB if they generate sufficient short-run inflationary effects. This happens if capital accumulation increases, magnifying the expansionary effects of reforms on permanent income and, thus, short-run aggregate demand. If investment does not increase, the effects are not sufficient to reduce the ZLB duration.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Gerali & Alessandro Notarpietro & Massimiliano Pisani, 2015. "Structural Reforms, Investment and Zero Lower Bound in a Monetary Union," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 83, pages 120-139, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:manchs:v:83:y:2015:i::p:120-139
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/manc.12120
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Forni, Lorenzo & Gerali, Andrea & Pisani, Massimiliano, 2010. "The macroeconomics of fiscal consolidations in euro area countries," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 1791-1812, September.
    2. Sandra Gomes & Pascal Jacquinot & Matthias Mohr & Massimiliano Pisani, 2013. "Structural Reforms and Macroeconomic Performance in the Euro Area Countries: A Model-Based Assessment," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(1), pages 23-44, February.
    3. Warne, Anders & Coenen, Günter & Christoffel, Kai, 2008. "The new area-wide model of the euro area: a micro-founded open-economy model for forecasting and policy analysis," Working Paper Series 944, European Central Bank.
    4. Eggertsson, Gauti & Ferrero, Andrea & Raffo, Andrea, 2014. "Can structural reforms help Europe?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 2-22.
    5. Forni, L. & Gerali, A. & Pisani, M., 2010. "Macroeconomic Effects Of Greater Competition In The Service Sector: The Case Of Italy," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(05), pages 677-708, November.
    6. Andrea Gerali & Alessandro Notarpietro & Massimiliano Pisani, 2015. "Structural reforms and zero lower bound in a monetary union," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1002, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    7. Benigno, Gianluca & Thoenissen, Christoph, 2008. "Consumption and real exchange rates with incomplete markets and non-traded goods," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 926-948, October.
    8. Julio J. Rotemberg, 1982. "Monopolistic Price Adjustment and Aggregate Output," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(4), pages 517-531.
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    Cited by:

    1. Cacciatore, Matteo & Duval, Romain & Fiori, Giuseppe & Ghironi, Fabio, 2016. "Market reforms in the time of imbalance," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 69-93.
    2. Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der Gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung (ed.), 2015. "Zukunftsfähigkeit in den Mittelpunkt. Jahresgutachten 2015/16," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201516.
    3. Cacciatore, Matteo & Fiori, Giuseppe & Ghironi, Fabio, 2016. "Market deregulation and optimal monetary policy in a monetary union," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 120-137.
    4. Masuch, Klaus & Anderton, Robert & Setzer, Ralph & Benalal, Nicholai, 2018. "Structural policies in the euro area," Occasional Paper Series 210, European Central Bank.
    5. Ciccarelli, Matteo & Osbat, Chiara, 2017. "Low inflation in the euro area: Causes and consequences," Occasional Paper Series 181, European Central Bank.
    6. repec:eee:jmacro:v:55:y:2018:i:c:p:28-45 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:zbw:svrwjg:201718 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:eee:poleco:v:48:y:2017:i:c:p:54-73 is not listed on IDEAS

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