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The Interaction between Income Support Programs

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  • Stephen Whelan

Abstract

Employment insurance (EI) and social assistance (SA) represent two key income support programs in Canada. The structure of these programs is similar to those found in many countries where unemployed individuals may use a number of sources to fund job-search activities and provide income support during periods of diminished employment income. In this paper, we examine the nature of the interaction between the programs and their overall impact on labor market outcomes. We use the 1997 Canadian Out of Employment Panel data set to examine behavior of a set of individuals following the loss of employment. Results indicate that reductions in the generosity of SA results in lower use of both income support programs. Conversely, if the generosity of the EI program is curtailed this reduces use of the EI program and leads to greater use of the SA program.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephen Whelan, 2010. "The Interaction between Income Support Programs," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 24(4), pages 407-440, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:labour:v:24:y:2010:i:4:p:407-440
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1467-9914.2010.00488.x
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    1. repec:spr:eujhec:v:18:y:2017:i:9:d:10.1007_s10198-017-0878-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Pauline Leung & Christopher O'Leary, 2015. "Should UI Eligibility Be Expanded to Low-Earning Workers? Evidence on Employment, Transfer Receipt, and Income from Administrative Data," Working Papers 591, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
    3. Ángel Martín-Román & Alfonso Moral, 2017. "A methodological proposal to evaluate the cost of duration moral hazard in workplace accident insurance," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 18(9), pages 1181-1198, December.

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