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Social Assistance Use in Canada: National and Provincial Trends in Incidence, Entry and Exit

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  • Finnie, Ross
  • Irvine, Ian
  • Sceviour, Roger

Abstract

Canada witnessed a dramatic decline in welfare participation from 1993/94 to the end of the nineties - one almost on a par with the U.S., but without the sort of landmark legislation adopted there. We explore the dynamics of Social Assistance usage in Canada over this period using data based on tax files for between 2 and 4 million individuals in each year from Canada's Longitudinal Administrative Data - the LAD. The unique attributes of this base - size, longitudinal nature, and income information availability - allow us, for the first time, to calculate annual incidence, entry and exit rates both at the national and provincial levels, broken down by family type. We discuss the variety of experiences of these groups; we identify the policy context and discuss the implications of the findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Finnie, Ross & Irvine, Ian & Sceviour, Roger, 2005. "Social Assistance Use in Canada: National and Provincial Trends in Incidence, Entry and Exit," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2005245e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  • Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3e:2005245e
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Berg, Nathan & Gabel, Todd, 2010. "New Reform Strategies and Welfare Participation in Canada," MPRA Paper 26591, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Keith G. Banting, 2005. "Do We Know Where We Are Going? The New Social Policy in Canada," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 31(4), pages 421-430, December.
    3. Siu-Ming Kwok & Dora Tam, 2011. "Challenges of Appraising Intangible Outcomes with Unclear Objectives: Performance Management Issues in Local Government in Ontario," Public Organization Review, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 297-306, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Employment insurance; social assistance and other transfers; Labour; Labour mobility; turnover and work absences; Work transitions and life stages;

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