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Policy Advice as an Investment Problem

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  • Klaus Heine
  • Karsten Mause

Abstract

Du point de vue de la nouvelle économie politique, la compétition entre les voix d'électeurs empêche les hommes et femmes politiques de réaliser des réformes. Puisque ceux-ci visent avant tout leur proper réélection, les conseils scientifiques, demandant souvent des mesures peu populaires, ne sont pas pris en considération par les décideurs politiques. Ce problème soi-disant d'implémentation a souvent été discuté dans la littérature économique et politique. Le présent article ajoute une discussion de la dimension quantitative et structurelle du conseil politique. Pour ce faire nous nous servons des connaissances venant de l'économie des innovations. Nous supposons que les conseils scientifiques ne sont suivis que lorsqu'ils augmentent les chances du politicien d'être réélu. Ce comportement mène cependant en certains domaines de la politique à un sur-ou sous-investissement systématique en conseil, ce qui est ineffectif d'un point de vue de l'ensemble de la société. Après avoir étudié le rôle du conseiller en politique dans le cadre de ce comportement d'investissement, nous discutons une série de mesures qui pourraient servir à contrecarrer ces fausses incitations. Les considérations théoriques sont illustrées à l'aide du cas de l'Allemagne, où ce genre de problèmes est devenu particulièrement évident au cours de ces dernières années. Copyright WWZ and Helbing & Lichtenhahn Verlag AG 2004.

Suggested Citation

  • Klaus Heine & Karsten Mause, 2004. "Policy Advice as an Investment Problem," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 403-427, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:kyklos:v:57:y:2004:i:3:p:403-427
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Anthony Downs, 1957. "An Economic Theory of Political Action in a Democracy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65, pages 135-135.
    2. Steven G. Medema & Warren J. Samuels (ed.), 1996. "Foundations of Research in Economics: How do Economists do Economics?," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 899.
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    Cited by:

    1. Potrafke, Niklas, 2013. "Minority positions in the German Council of Economic Experts: A political economic analysis," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 180-187.
    2. Gebhard Kirchgässner, 2013. "Zur Rolle der Ökonometrie in der wissenschaftlichen Politikberatung," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 14(1-2), pages 3-30, February.

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