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Non-parametric regression estimation from data contaminated by a mixture of Berkson and classical errors

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  • Raymond J. Carroll
  • Aurore Delaigle
  • Peter Hall

Abstract

Estimation of a regression function is a well-known problem in the context of errors in variables, where the explanatory variable is observed with random noise. This noise can be of two types, which are known as classical or Berkson, and it is common to assume that the error is purely of one of these two types. In practice, however, there are many situations where the explanatory variable is contaminated by a mixture of the two errors. In such instances, the Berkson component typically arises because the variable of interest is not directly available and can only be assessed through a proxy, whereas the inaccuracy that is related to the observation of the latter causes an error of classical type. We propose a non-parametric estimator of a regression function from data that are contaminated by a mixture of the two errors. We prove consistency of our estimator, derive rates of convergence and suggest a data-driven implementation. Finite sample performance is illustrated via simulated and real data examples. Copyright 2007 Royal Statistical Society.

Suggested Citation

  • Raymond J. Carroll & Aurore Delaigle & Peter Hall, 2007. "Non-parametric regression estimation from data contaminated by a mixture of Berkson and classical errors," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 69(5), pages 859-878.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jorssb:v:69:y:2007:i:5:p:859-878
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Linton, Oliver & Whang, Yoon-Jae, 2002. "Nonparametric Estimation With Aggregated Data," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 18(02), pages 420-468, April.
    2. Yehua Li & Annamaria Guolo & F. Owen Hoffman & Raymond J. Carroll, 2007. "Shared Uncertainty in Measurement Error Problems, with Application to Nevada Test Site Fallout Data," Biometrics, The International Biometric Society, vol. 63(4), pages 1226-1236, December.
    3. Devanarayan, Viswanath & Stefanski, Leonard A., 2002. "Empirical simulation extrapolation for measurement error models with replicate measurements," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 59(3), pages 219-225, October.
    4. Bani Mallick & F. Owen Hoffman & Raymond J. Carroll, 2002. "Semiparametric Regression Modeling with Mixtures of Berkson and Classical Error, with Application to Fallout from the Nevada Test Site," Biometrics, The International Biometric Society, vol. 58(1), pages 13-20, March.
    5. Fan, Jianqing & Masry, Elias, 1992. "Multivariate regression estimation with errors-in-variables: Asymptotic normality for mixing processes," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 237-271, November.
    6. Peter Hall & Peihua Qiu, 2005. "Discrete-transform approach to deconvolution problems," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 92(1), pages 135-148, March.
    7. Aurore Delaigle & Peter Hall & Peihua Qiu, 2006. "Nonparametric methods for solving the Berkson errors-in-variables problem," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 68(2), pages 201-220.
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    Cited by:

    1. Huijun Guo & Youming Liu, 2017. "Strong consistency of wavelet estimators for errors-in-variables regression model," Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Springer;The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, vol. 69(1), pages 121-144, February.
    2. Yin, Zanhua & Gao, Wei & Tang, Man-Lai & Tian, Guo-Liang, 2013. "Estimation of nonparametric regression models with a mixture of Berkson and classical errors," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 83(4), pages 1151-1162.
    3. Marcus Groß, 2016. "Modeling body height in prehistory using a spatio-temporal Bayesian errors-in variables model," AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis, Springer;German Statistical Society, vol. 100(3), pages 289-311, July.
    4. Susanne M. Schennach, 2012. "Measurement error in nonlinear models - a review," CeMMAP working papers CWP41/12, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    5. Susanne M. Schennach, 2013. "Regressions with Berkson errors in covariates - A nonparametric approach," Papers 1308.2836, arXiv.org.
    6. Jurecková, Jana & Picek, Jan & Saleh, A.K.Md. Ehsanes, 2010. "Rank tests and regression rank score tests in measurement error models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 54(12), pages 3108-3120, December.

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