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Change in the Concentration of Employment in Computer Services: Spatial Estimation at the U.S. Metro County Level

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  • DONALD GRIMES
  • PENELOPE B. PRIME
  • MARY BETH WALKER

Abstract

ABSTRACT This article models the concentration of computer services activity across the U.S. with factors that incorporate spatial relationships. Specifically, we enhance the standard home‐area study with an analysis that allows conditions in neighboring counties to affect the concentration of employment in the home county. We use county‐level data for metropolitan areas between 1990 and 1997. To measure change in employment concentration, we use the change in location quotients for SIC 737, which captures employment concentration changes caused by both the number of firms and the scale of their activity relative to the national average. After controlling for local demand for computer services, our results support the importance of the presence of a qualified labor supply, interindustry linkages, proximity to a major airport, and spatial processes in explaining changes in computer services employment concentration, finding little support for the influence of cost factors. Our enhanced model reveals interjurisdictional relationships among these metro counties that could not be captured with standard estimates by state, metropolitan statistical area (MSA), or county. Using counties within MSAs, therefore, provides more general results than case studies but still allows measurement of local interactions.

Suggested Citation

  • Donald Grimes & Penelope B. Prime & Mary Beth Walker, 2007. "Change in the Concentration of Employment in Computer Services: Spatial Estimation at the U.S. Metro County Level," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(1), pages 39-55, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:growch:v:38:y:2007:i:1:p:39-55
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2257.2007.00352.x
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2257.2007.00352.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Zhilong Chen & Lichang Su & Cheng Zhang, 2016. "Research on the Synergy Degree of Aboveground and Underground Space along Urban Rail Transit from the Perspective of Urban Sustainable Development," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(9), pages 1-22, September.
    2. Mack, Elizabeth A. & Grubesic, Tony H., 2009. "Forecasting broadband provision," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 297-311, November.
    3. Elizabeth A. Mack & Tony H. Grubesic, 2009. "Broadband Provision And Firm Location In Ohio: An Exploratory Spatial Analysis," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 100(3), pages 298-315, July.

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