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The Effects of Screening and Monitoring on Credit Rationing of SMEs

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  • Mariarosaria Agostino
  • Damiano B. Silipo
  • Francesco Trivieri

Abstract

In this paper, we seek to empirically assess which determinants of the capability and incentives of banks to screen and monitor firms are significant in explaining credit rationing to Italian SMEs. After testing for the presence of non-random selection bias and the potential endogeneity of some determinants of interest, the probit model results we obtain suggest that the average banking size and the multiple banking relationship phenomenon are statistically significant factors affecting credit rationing, presumably through their impact on the aforementioned banks' capability and incentives. Other potential determinants of banks' incentives to monitor and screen, such as local banking competition and firm' capacity to collateralize, are never significant. However, when we split the sample according to the level of competition in credit markets, we find that the estimated marginal effects of all significant determinants of interest are larger in absolute value than those obtained when using the whole sample. Copyright 2008 The Authors Journal compilation 2008 Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA.

Suggested Citation

  • Mariarosaria Agostino & Damiano B. Silipo & Francesco Trivieri, 2008. "The Effects of Screening and Monitoring on Credit Rationing of SMEs," Economic Notes, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, vol. 37(2), pages 155-179, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ecnote:v:37:y:2008:i:2:p:155-179
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    Cited by:

    1. Annie bellier & Wafa Sayeh & Stéphanie Serve, 2012. "What lies behind credit rationing? A survey of the literature," THEMA Working Papers 2012-39, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
    2. Agostino, Mariarosaria & Gagliardi, Francesca & Trivieri, Francesco, 2010. "Credit market structure and bank screening: An indirect test on Italian data," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 151-160, October.

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