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Past Successes and New Challenges: China's Foreign Trade at a Turning Point

  • Françoise Lemoine

Since 1979, China has recorded a remarkable trade performance, which has been driven by international processing and the offshoring strategies of foreign firms. The diversification of Chinese exports and their technological upgrading have been phenomenal. However, there is also inertia, illustrated by the persistent dualism of the trade sector, the unrelenting specialization in downmarket products and the deteriorating terms of trade. These weaknesses have helped its partners to adjust to the rise of this new trade power. In the past decade, China's economy has faced the adverse effects of an export-led growth and the global crisis has revealed its vulnerability. China is now forced to rebalance its economy. This will imply major changes in foreign trade, in favor of ordinary trade and away from processing. In the foreseeable future, China is unlikely to become the driver of international demand but will remain the engine of Asian economic integration. Copyright (c) 2010 The Author Journal compilation (c) 2010 Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

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Article provided by Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in its journal China & World Economy.

Volume (Year): 18 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 1-23

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Handle: RePEc:bla:chinae:v:18:y:2010:i:3:p:1-23
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  1. Dani Rodrik, 2006. "What's So Special about China's Exports?," China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 14(5), pages 1-19.
  2. Ryuhei Wakasugi & Banri Ito & Eiichi Tomiura, 2008. "Offshoring and Trade in East Asia: A Statistical Analysis," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 7(3), pages 101-124, October.
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