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Socioeconomic Changes and the Decline in Poverty: A View from Three Villages in the Philippines, 1985–1997

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  • Jonna P. Estudillo
  • Yasuyuki Sawada
  • Mahabub Hossain

Abstract

The present paper examines socioeconomic changes and decline in rural poverty using a panel dataset collected in the Philippine villages in 1985, 1993 and 1997. The most important finding is the transition of the rural economy away from a regime of low nonfarm income to a regime of high nonfarm income accompanied by a marked decline in poverty. The relative contribution of access to land on rural poverty reduction declined, whereas the relative contribution of human capital, more importantly represented by college schooling, increased over time.

Suggested Citation

  • Jonna P. Estudillo & Yasuyuki Sawada & Mahabub Hossain, 2005. "Socioeconomic Changes and the Decline in Poverty: A View from Three Villages in the Philippines, 1985–1997," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 19(4), pages 383-406, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:asiaec:v:19:y:2005:i:4:p:383-406
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8381.2005.00218.x
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Otsuka, Keijiro, 1991. "Determinants and consequences of land reform implementation in the Philippines," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 339-355, April.
    2. Sen, Binayak, 2003. "Drivers of Escape and Descent: Changing Household Fortunes in Rural Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 513-534, March.
    3. Hanan G. Jacoby & Emmanuel Skoufias, 1997. "Risk, Financial Markets, and Human Capital in a Developing Country," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 64(3), pages 311-335.
    4. Atkinson, A B, 1987. "On the Measurement of Poverty," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(4), pages 749-764, July.
    5. Datt, Gaurav & Hoogeveen, Hans, 2003. "El Nino or El Peso? Crisis, Poverty and Income Distribution in the Philippines," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(7), pages 1103-1124, July.
    6. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    7. World Bank, 2005. "World Development Indicators 2005," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 12426.
    8. Kakwani, Nanak, 1993. "Poverty and Economic Growth with Application to Cote d'Ivoire," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 39(2), pages 121-139, June.
    9. Jonna Estudillo & Manabu Fujimura & Mahabub Hossain, 1999. "New rice technology and comparative advantage in rice production in the Philippines," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(5), pages 162-184.
    10. repec:wbk:wbpubs:12425 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Jonna P. Estudillo & Mahabub Hossain, 2003. "Land distribution and income inequality in rice-growing villages in the Philippines, 1993, 1997," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 40(2), pages 1-30, December.
    12. Nanak Kakwani, 1993. "Poverty And Economic Growth With Application To Côte D'Ivoire," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 39(2), pages 121-139, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hanjra, Munir A. & Ferede, Tadele & Gutta, Debel Gemechu, 2009. "Reducing poverty in sub-Saharan Africa through investments in water and other priorities," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 96(7), pages 1062-1070, July.
    2. Goto, Jun & Sawada, Yasuyuki & Aida, Takeshi & Aoyagi, Keitaro, 2015. "Incentives and Social Preferences: Experimental Evidence from a Seemingly Inefficienct Traditional Labor Contract," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211687, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    3. Yasuyuki Sawada & Jonna P. Estudillo, 2006. "Trade, Migration, and Poverty Reduction in the Globalizing Economy: The Case of the Philippines," WIDER Working Paper Series RP2006-58, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    4. Goto, Jun & Sawada, Yasuyuki & Aida, Takeshi & Aoyagi, Keitaro, 2015. "Incentives and Social Preferences: Experimental Evidence from a Seemingly Inefficient Traditional Labor Contract," CEI Working Paper Series 2014-12, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

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