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Land distribution and income inequality in rice-growing villages in the Philippines, 1993, 1997

Author

Listed:
  • Jonna P. Estudillo

    () (National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan)

  • Mahabub Hossain

    (IRRI Social Sciences Division)

Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between land distribution and income inequality in three rice-growing villages in the Philippines. One of our findings is that access to land has ceased to be the most important determinant of household income position, as farming and landless households have increasingly derived their incomes from non-farm economic activities. The association between land distribution and income distribution has weakened. Non-farm income has become an equalizing factor, which means that the development of the non-farm sector and the improved access of households to such markets have played a more decisive influence on decreasing income inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Jonna P. Estudillo & Mahabub Hossain, 2003. "Land distribution and income inequality in rice-growing villages in the Philippines, 1993, 1997," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 40(2), pages 1-30, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:phs:prejrn:v:40:y:2003:i:2:p:1-30
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    File URL: http://pre.econ.upd.edu.ph/index.php/pre/article/view/19/571
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Land distribution; income distribution; modern rice technology;

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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