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Exact and Approximate Stepdown Methods for Multiple Hypothesis Testing


  • Joseph P. Romano
  • Michael Wolf


Consider the problem of testing k hypotheses simultaneously. In this paper, we discuss finite and large sample theory of stepdown methods that provide control of the familywise error rate (FWE). In order to improve upon the Bonferroni method or Holm's (1979) stepdown method, Westfall and Young (1993) make e ective use of resampling to construct stepdown methods that implicitly estimate the dependence structure of the test statistics. However, their methods depend on an assumption called subset pivotality. The goal of this paper is to construct general stepdown methods that do not require such an assumption. In order to accomplish this, we take a close look at what makes stepdown procedures work, and a key component is a monotonicity requirement of critical values. By imposing such monotonicity on estimated critical values (which is not an assumption on the model but an assumption on the method), it is demonstrated that the problem of constructing a valid multiple test procedure which controls the FWE can be reduced to the problem of contructing a single test which controls the usual probability of a Type 1 error. This reduction allows us to draw upon an enormous resampling literature as a general means of test contruction.
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Suggested Citation

  • Joseph P. Romano & Michael Wolf, 2005. "Exact and Approximate Stepdown Methods for Multiple Hypothesis Testing," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 100, pages 94-108, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bes:jnlasa:v:100:y:2005:p:94-108

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Delgado, Miguel A. & Rodriguez-Poo, Juan M. & Wolf, Michael, 2001. "Subsampling inference in cube root asymptotics with an application to Manski's maximum score estimator," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 241-250, November.
    2. G. Hommel, 1986. "Multiple test procedures for arbitrary dependence structures," Metrika: International Journal for Theoretical and Applied Statistics, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 321-336, December.
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    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General


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