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Los caminos del café: Aproximación a la relación entre el conflicto armado rural y la producción cafetera colombiana


  • Juan Carlos Muñoz


Los caminos del café busca analizar las implicaciones microeconómicas del conflicto armado rural en la decisión productiva de los campesinos cafeteros colombianos. La hipótesis asume que el conflicto armado y la presencia de cultivos ilícitos crean entornos persistentes y sistemáticos de incertidumbre social, política y económica en las regiones cafeteras, lo cual genera ambientes de fragilidad que, sumados a las diferentes crisis de mercado, configuran un escenario desfavorable en el que el pequeño campesino se ve obligado a cambiar sus decisiones de producción. Se propone estimar la función de producción cafetera utilizando OLS y fronteras estocásticas de producción. Este último modelo permite hacer una estimación consistente de la función de producción y una aproximación a la eficiencia productiva de los cafeteros. Se usa una base de datos única con información por finca cafetera para 2006. Los resultados sugieren que existe una relación negativa entre el número de ataques y la producción de café y, en consecuencia, en los municipios con mayor número de ataques la producción es hasta 1,2 por ciento menor que la de otros municipios.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Carlos Muñoz, 2010. "Los caminos del café: Aproximación a la relación entre el conflicto armado rural y la producción cafetera colombiana," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 28(63), pages 14-65, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:ensayo:v:28:y:2010:i:63:p:14-65
    DOI: 10.32468/Espe.6301

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Çağatay Bircan & Tilman Brück & Marc Vothknecht, 2017. "Violent conflict and inequality," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(2), pages 125-144, April.
    2. Benjamin, Dwayne, 1992. "Household Composition, Labor Markets, and Labor Demand: Testing for Separation in Agricultural Household Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(2), pages 287-322, March.
    3. Bardhan, Pranab & Udry, Christopher, 1999. "Development Microeconomics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198773719.
    4. Jesús A. Bejarano, 1998. "Política comercial en la transición de la agricultura," Revista Cuadernos de Economia, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, FCE, CID, June.
    5. Aigner, Dennis & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Peter, 1977. "Formulation and estimation of stochastic frontier production function models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 21-37, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ana Mar�a Iba�ez Londo�o & Juan Carlos Mu�oz Mora & Philip Verwimp, 2013. "Abandoning Coffee under the Threat of Violence and the Presence of Illicit Crops. Evidence from Colombia," HiCN Working Papers 150, Households in Conflict Network.
    2. repec:tse:wpaper:27881 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Camilo Velásquez-Rodríguez & Luisa Payán-Durán, 2022. "Organizational Model Design for Small Coffee Farmers in the Municipality of Viotá - Colombia Case Study: Creo en el Agro," Systemic Practice and Action Research, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 33-53, February.
    4. Hopfensitz, Astrid & Miquel-Florensa, Josepa, 2014. "How forced displacement flows affect public good contributions: The social consequences of conflict in Colombia," TSE Working Papers 14-463, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE), revised Jun 2015.
    5. Rueda, Ximena & Lambin, Eric F., 2013. "Linking Globalization to Local Land Uses: How Eco-Consumers and Gourmands are Changing the Colombian Coffee Landscapes," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 286-301.
    6. Mejía Cubillos, Javier, 2013. "Perfil económico del Eje Cafetero. Un análisis con miras a la competitividad territorial [Economic profile of Eje Cafetero. An analysis towards territorial competitiveness]," MPRA Paper 43873, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item


    conflicto armado; Café; modelo de hogar agrícola; fronteras estocásticas;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture


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