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Health Outcomes and Agricultural Output in Nigeria


  • Anowor Oluchukwu F.*

    (Department of Economics, Godfrey Okoye University, Enugu, Nigeria)

  • Nwonye Nnenna Georgina

    (Department of Banking and Finance, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus)

  • Okorie George Chisom

    (Department of Economics, Godfrey Okoye University, Enugu, Nigeria)

  • Ojiogu Michael C.

    (Department of Economics, Godfrey Okoye University, Enugu, Nigeria)


Attaining sustainable agricultural development in any economy indubitably points towards ensuring improved quality of life and enough food for both present and future generations. The need to understand the links between agricultural output and health outcomes necessitates an inquiry to ascertain the extent the changes in health outcomes can influence agricultural output. This study using the dynamic error correction built an econometric model such that mortality rate and life expectancy are proxies for health outcomes while agricultural output is the dependent variable; HIV/AIDS is the dummy. Results showed that HIV/AIDS has lethal effects on health outcomes and aggregate output. It revealed that health outcomes also have significant impact on agricultural output potentials; and there is a causal relationship between health outcomes and agricultural output in Nigeria. This implies that if the healthcare system in Nigeria can be taken as a policy priority, a tremendous increase in the agricultural sector is unarguably expected. A simultaneous front involving both the public and private sectors in extending the healthcare services is necessary to enable workers and prospective workers access to healthcare delivery; this will invariably boost the agricultural output.

Suggested Citation

  • Anowor Oluchukwu F.* & Nwonye Nnenna Georgina & Okorie George Chisom & Ojiogu Michael C., 2019. "Health Outcomes and Agricultural Output in Nigeria," International Journal of Economics and Financial Research, Academic Research Publishing Group, vol. 5(5), pages 106-111, 05-2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:arp:ijefrr:2019:p:106-111

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-255, March-Apr.
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    4. Cutler, David & McClellan, Mark, 2001. "Productivity Change in Health Care," Scholarly Articles 2640585, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    5. Hans van Kippersluis & Titus J. Galama, 2013. "Why the Rich drink more but smoke less: The Impact of Wealth on Health Behaviors," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-035/V, Tinbergen Institute.
    6. David E. Bloom & David Canning, 2008. "Population Health and Economic Growth," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 28036, June.
    7. Chung, Haejoo & Muntaner, Carles, 2006. "Political and welfare state determinants of infant and child health indicators: An analysis of wealthy countries," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 63(3), pages 829-842, August.
    8. Olanrewaju Olaniyan & Chukwuedo Susan Oburota & Frances Ngozi Obafemi, 2013. "Equity in Health Care Expenditure in Nigeria," International Journal of Finance & Banking Studies, Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 2(3), pages 76-88, July.
    9. Nigel Rice & Maria Jose Aragon, 2018. "The determinants of health care expenditure growth," Working Papers 156cherp, Centre for Health Economics, University of York.
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