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South Africa’S Agricultural Sector Twenty Years After Democracy (1994 To 2013)

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  • Greyling, Jan C.
  • Vink, Nick
  • Mbaya, Edward

Abstract

South Africa’s agricultural sector has undergone substantial policy reform since the dawn of democracy in 1994. Now, twenty years later, it is an opportune time to look back at this period to review key successes and failures. This article revisits South Africa’s context and policy at the start of this period, the reforms that followed, and evaluates the transformational effect (or lack thereof) on the sector. For this purpose, the article pulls from both qualitative sources and descriptive statistics to provide both a historical context and current perspective. The analysis shows that redistributive land reform and smallholder support programs have achieved limited success in transforming the sector towards greater inclusivity. Trade and marketing policy reform, however, has succeeded in transforming the sector towards greater productivity and international competitiveness. This has increased the market and climate resilience of the sector, but the limited inclusivity of historically disadvantaged persons poses significant challenges.

Suggested Citation

  • Greyling, Jan C. & Vink, Nick & Mbaya, Edward, 2015. "South Africa’S Agricultural Sector Twenty Years After Democracy (1994 To 2013)," Professional Agricultural Workers Journal (PAWJ), Professional Agricultural Workers Conference, vol. 0(Number 1), pages 1-15.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:pawjal:236895
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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/236895/files/3-1%202015%20PAWJ%20-%206.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bhorat, Haroon & Hirsch, Alan & Kanbur, Ravi & Ncube, Mthuli (ed.), 2014. "The Oxford Companion to the Economics of South Africa," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199689248.
    2. Liebenberg, Frikkie & Pardey, Philip G., 2012. "A long-run view of South African agricultural production and productivity," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 0(Number 1), pages 1-25, October.
    3. Van Zyl, J. & Vink, N. & Fenyes, T. I., 1987. "Labour-related structural trends in South African maize production," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 1(3), pages 241-258, October.
    4. Van Zyl, J. & Vink, N. & Fenyes, T. I., 1987. "Labour-related structural trends in South African maize production," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 1(3), pages 241-258, October.
    5. Binswanger-Mkhize, Hans P., 2014. "From failure to success in South African land reform," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 0(Number 4), pages 1-17, December.
    6. Aryeetey, Ernest & Devarajan, Shantayanan & Kanbur, Ravi & Kasekende, Louis (ed.), 2014. "The Oxford Companion to the Economics of Africa," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198705437.
    7. Fan, Shenggen & Kanbur, Ravi & Wei, Shang-Jin & Zhang, Xiaobo (ed.), 2014. "The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199678204.
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    Keywords

    Agricultural and Food Policy;

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