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Factors Affecting Beef Cow-Herd Costs, Production, and Profits


  • Ramsey, Ruslyn
  • Doye, Damona G.
  • Ward, Clement E.
  • McGrann, James M.
  • Falconer, Lawrence L.
  • Bevers, Stanley J.


Cow-herd standardized performance analysis (SPA) data for Texas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico were used to determine economic factors affecting cow-herd costs, production, and profitability. Total cost was defined as the financial cost associated with raising a calf through the weaning stage; production, as pounds weaned per exposed female; and profits, as a rate of return on assets. Variable affecting one of more performance measures included herd size; pounds of feed fed; real estate, machinery, and breeding-stock investments; calving percentage; death loss; and breeding-season length. Management variables were especially important for financial costs and profitability of the cow-herd operation.

Suggested Citation

  • Ramsey, Ruslyn & Doye, Damona G. & Ward, Clement E. & McGrann, James M. & Falconer, Lawrence L. & Bevers, Stanley J., 2005. "Factors Affecting Beef Cow-Herd Costs, Production, and Profits," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 37(01), April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:joaaec:43687

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    Cited by:

    1. McBride, William D. & Johnson, James D., 2006. "Defining and Characterizing Approaches to Farm Management," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(01), April.
    2. Ashfield, A. & Crosson, P. & Wallace, M., 2013. "Simulation modelling of temperate grassland based dairy calf to beef production systems," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 41-50.
    3. Jeffrey Gillespie & Richard Nehring, 2013. "Comparing economic performance of organic and conventional U.S. beef farms using matching samples," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 57(2), pages 178-192, April.
    4. Adkins, Tracey S. & Riley, John Michael & Little, Randall D. & Coatney, Kalyn T., 2012. "Cow-Calf Operations in the Southeastern United States: An Analysis of Farm Characteristics and Production Risks," 2012 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2012, Birmingham, Alabama 119757, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    5. Elliott, Lisa & Parcell, Joe & Patterson, David & Smith, Michael F. & Poock, Scott, 2013. "Factors Influencing Beef Reproductive Technology Adoption," Journal of the ASFMRA, American Society of Farm Managers and Rural Appraisers.
    6. Gillespie, Jeffrey & Qushim, Berdikul & Nyaupane, Narayan & McMillin, Kenneth, 2015. "Breeding Technologies in U.S. Meat Goat Production: Who Are the Adopters and How Does Adoption Impact Productivity?," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 44(3), December.
    7. Pashaei Kamali, Farahnaz & van der Linden, Aart & Meuwissen, Miranda P.M. & Malafaia, Guilherme Cunha & Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M. & de Boer, Imke J.M., 2016. "Environmental and economic performance of beef farming systems with different feeding strategies in southern Brazil," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 70-79.
    8. Marques, P.R. & Barcellos, J.O.J. & McManus, C. & Oaigen, R.P. & Collares, F.C. & Canozzi, M.E.A. & Lampert, V.N., 2011. "Competitiveness of beef farming in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 104(9), pages 689-693.
    9. Ashfield, A. & Wallace, M. & Crosson, P., 2014. "Economic comparison of pasture based dairy calf-to-beef production systems under temperate grassland conditions," International Journal of Agricultural Management, Institute of Agricultural Management;International Farm Management Association, vol. 3(3), April.
    10. Wang, Tong & Park, Seong C. & Bevers, Stan & Teague, Richard & Cho, Jaesung, 2013. "Factors Affecting Cow-Calf Herd Performance and Greenhouse Gas Emissions," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(3), December.
    11. repec:ags:afjare:225658 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Dhoubhadel, Sunil P. & Stockton, Matthew C., 2013. "Economic Differences Among Beef Production Systems Of The Nebraska Sandhills," 2013 Annual Meeting, February 2-5, 2013, Orlando, Florida 142743, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    13. Tsakiridis, Andreas & Breen, James & O'Donoghue, Cathal & Hanrahan, Kevin & Wallace, Michael & Crosson, Paul, 2016. "Flexibility of beef suckler cow systems under varying calf retention strategies," 90th Annual Conference, April 4-6, 2016, Warwick University, Coventry, UK 236289, Agricultural Economics Society.
    14. Iimi, Atsushi, 2007. "Infrastructure and trade preferences for the livestock sector : empirical evidence from the beef industry in Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4201, The World Bank.


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