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Local Employment Growth, Migration, and Public Land Policy: Evidence from the Northwest Forest Plan

Author

Listed:
  • Eichman, Henry
  • Hunt, Gary L.
  • Kerkvliet, Joe
  • Plantinga, Andrew J.

Abstract

Debates over protecting public land reveal two views. Some argue protection reduces commodity production, reducing local employment and increasing out-migration. Others contend protection produces amenities that support job growth and attract migrants. We test these competing views for the Northwest Forest Plan (NWFP), which reallocated 11 million acres of federal land from timber production to protecting old-growth forest species. We find evidence that land protection directly reduced local employment growth and increased net migration. The total negative effect on employment was offset only slightly by positive migration-driven effects. Employment losses were concentrated in metropolitan counties, but percentage losses were higher in rural counties.

Suggested Citation

  • Eichman, Henry & Hunt, Gary L. & Kerkvliet, Joe & Plantinga, Andrew J., 2010. "Local Employment Growth, Migration, and Public Land Policy: Evidence from the Northwest Forest Plan," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 35(2), August.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:jlaare:93222
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93222
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Diana M. Burton, 1997. "An Astructural Analysis of National Forest Policy and Employment," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(3), pages 964-974.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Chen, Yong & Weber, Bruce A., 2012. "Federal Forest Policy and Its Impact on Income and Wealth in Rural Communities," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124954, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. repec:spr:anresc:v:60:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s00168-017-0846-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Rasker, Ray & Gude, Patricia H. & Delorey, Mark, 2013. "The Effect of Protected Federal Lands on Economic Prosperity in the Non-metropolitan West," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 43(2).
    4. Plantinga, Andrew J. & Détang-Dessendre, Cécile & Hunt, Gary L. & Piguet, Virginie, 2013. "Housing prices and inter-urban migration," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 296-306.
    5. Pugliese, Andrew & McCann, Laura & Artz, Georgeanne, 2015. "Impacts of national forests in the West on county population and employment," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 62-69.
    6. repec:oup:renvpo:v:12:y:2018:i:1:p:69-91. is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:eneeco:v:66:y:2017:i:c:p:320-327 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Mark D. Partridge & Dan S. Rickman, 2012. "Integrating Regional Economic Development Analysis and Land Use Economics," Economics Working Paper Series 1203, Oklahoma State University, Department of Economics and Legal Studies in Business.
    9. Yong Chen & David J. Lewis & Bruce Weber, 2016. "Conservation Land Amenities And Regional Economies: A Postmatching Difference-In-Differences Analysis Of The Northwest Forest Plan," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(3), pages 373-394, June.

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