IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Preissenkung und Kompensation auf dem EU-Milchmarkt

Listed author(s):
  • Loy, Jens-Peter
  • Steinhagen, Carsten
Registered author(s):

    Seit der Reform der Gemeinsamen Marktordnung Milch im Jahr 2003 eskalieren die Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Milchbauern, Molkereien, Politikern und Lobbyisten immer wieder. Ein wesentlicher Streitpunkt ist die Höhe des Milchauszahlungspreises für die Landwirte. Bei diesen Diskussionen wird die Zahlung der im Zuge der Reform erhöhten Flächenbeihilfen häufig außer Acht gelassen. In diesem Beitrag wird untersucht, inwieweit die zusätzlichen Flächenbeihilfen den Einkommensverlust infolge der Interventionspreissenkungen ausgeglichen haben. Nach einfachen Vergleichen der Milchauszahlungspreise oder Rohstoffwerte vor und nach der Reform ergibt sich eine deutliche Überkompensation. Bei diesem Vergleich wird aber der Einfluss von Weltmarktpreisänderungen auf das Ergebnis nicht berücksichtigt. Deren Berücksichtigung mithilfe eines Fehlerkorrekturmodells führt zum gegenteiligen Ergebnis. Es ergibt sich für den Zeitraum von 2004 bis 2008 eine Unterkompensation von ca. 100 Prozent. Demnach wurden die Landwirte im Rahmen der Reform von 2003 bislang bei weitem nicht vollständig für die reformbedingten Einkommenseffekte entschädigt. Soon after the 2003 reform of the Common Agricultural Policy, milk farmers started protesting against low milk prices. Though farmers gained public attention and sympathy for their case, the compensation payments included in the reform package are never part of the debate. Thus, only the income-decreasing side of the reform is pointed out. We empirically investigate to what extent the income reduction for dairy farmers is covered by the increased farm area payments in the 2003 reform. A comparison of milk prices prior to and after the 2003 reform indicates significant overcompensation. This comparison ignores the impact of world market price changes. Considering these by a vector error correction model leads to opposite results. Thus, up to now farmers are by far not compensated for the income loss generated by the price reduction in the 2003 reform.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Department for Agricultural Economics in its journal German Journal of Agricultural Economics.

    Volume (Year): 58 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 5/6 ()

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:ags:gjagec:134879
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    Philippstr. 13, 10115 Berlin

    Phone: +49 (0)30 2093 6305
    Fax: +49 (0)30 2093 6497
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    in new window

    1. Schmidt, Peter & Phillips, C B Peter, 1992. "LM Tests for a Unit Root in the Presence of Deterministic Trends," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 54(3), pages 257-287, August.
    2. Zohra Bouamra Mechemache & Vincent Réquillart, 1999. "Policy Reform in the European Union Dairy Sector: Effects on Markets and Welfare," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 47(5), pages 105-114, December.
    3. Denis Kwiatkowski & Peter C.B. Phillips & Peter Schmidt, 1991. "Testing the Null Hypothesis of Stationarity Against the Alternative of a Unit Root: How Sure Are We That Economic Time Series Have a Unit Root?," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 979, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    4. Frank Fuller & John Beghin & Samarendu Mohanty & Jay Fabiosa & Cheng Fang & Phil Kaus, 1999. "The Impact of the Berlin Accord and European Enlargement on Dairy Markets," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 47(5), pages 117-130, December.
    5. Fuller, Frank H. & Beghin, John C. & Mohanty, Samarendu & Fabiosa, Jacinto F. & Fang, Cheng & Kaus, Phillip J., 1999. "Impact of the Berlin Accord and European Enlargement on Dairy Markets, The," Staff General Research Papers Archive 1696, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    6. Jeroen J. M. Kremers & Neil R. Ericsson & Juan J. Dolado, 1992. "The power of cointegration tests," International Finance Discussion Papers 431, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    7. Catherine Benjamin & Alexandre Gohin & Hervé Guyomard, 1999. "The Future of European Union Dairy Policy," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 47(5), pages 91-101, December.
    8. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
    9. Rob Fraser, 2003. "An Evaluation of the Compensation Required by European Union Cereal Growers to Accept the Removal of Price Support," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(3), pages 431-445.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:gjagec:134879. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.