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Schwellenwerte im Arbeitsrecht : Höhere Transparenz und Effizienz durch Vereinheitlichung

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  • Koller, Lena
  • Schnabel, Claus
  • Wagner, Joachim

Abstract

Viele Regelungen im deutschen Arbeitsrecht gelten nur für Betriebe ab einer bestimmten Größe, wobei derartige Schwellen meist anhand der Beschäftigtenzahl bestimmt werden. Die bestehenden 160 Schwellenwerte sind komplex und inkonsistent definiert, was ihre Beachtung durch die Firmen erschwert. Darüber hinaus kann das Überschreiten einer Schwelle zu zusätzlichen Kosten für die Firma führen, wie z.B. die Errichtung eines Betriebsrates oder die Zahlung einer Abgabe für die Nichtbeschäftigung von Schwerbehinderten. Obwohl die empirische Evidenz nicht eindeutig ist, deuten einige Studien darauf hin, dass Firmen das Überschreiten von Schwellenwerten bewusst vermeiden und der Beschäftigungsaufbau dadurch gedämpft wird. Um diese Transaktionskosten und Nebenwirkungen zu vermeiden, machen wir verschiedene Vorschläge zur Vereinfachung und Vereinheitlichung der Schwellenwertregelungen. -- In Germany, many labour laws and regulations apply only in establishments above a critical size, and usually these thresholds are defined by the number of employees. The existing 160 thresholds are complex and defined inconsistently, making it difficult for firms to obey the law. Moreover, exceeding a threshold may result in costs for the firm such as establishing a works council or paying a penalty for not employing disabled persons. Although the empirical evidence is mixed, some studies suggest that employment growth is dampened by firms avoiding to exceed thresholds. In order to minimize these transaction costs and side effects, we make several suggestions to simplify and unify the threshold regulations.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 49.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:49

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Web page: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english-version/
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Keywords: Schwellenwerte; Arbeitsrecht; Beschäftigung; Deutschland;

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References

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  1. Derik Burgert, 2006. "The Impact of German Job Protection Legislation on Job Creation in Small Establishments," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 52(2), pages 123-139.
  2. Garibaldi, Pietro, 2006. "Personnel Economics in Imperfect Labour Markets," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199280674, September.
  3. Thomas K. Bauer & Stefan Bender & Holger Bonin, 2007. "Dismissal Protection and Worker Flows in Small Establishments," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 74(296), pages 804-821, November.
  4. Tito Boeri & Juan F. Jimeno, . "The Effects of Employment Protection: Learning from Variable Enforcement," Working Papers 2003-12, FEDEA.
  5. Verick, Sher, 2004. "Threshold Effects of Dismissal Protection Legislation in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 991, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Schivardi, Fabiano & Torrini, Roberto, 2005. "Identifying the Effects of Firing Restrictions Through Size-Contingent Differences in Regulation," CEPR Discussion Papers 5303, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Boockmann, Bernhard & Hagen, Tobias, 2001. "The use of flexible working contracts in West Germany: evidence from an establishment panel," ZEW Discussion Papers 01-33, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  8. Jahn, Elke J. & Schnabel, Claus, 2003. "Bestandsschutz durch Abfindungen: Höhere Rechtssicherheit und Effizienz," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1998 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 83(4), pages 219-223.
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Cited by:
  1. Koller, Lena & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2008. "Freistellung von Betriebsräten - Eine Beschäftigungsbremse? (Does the obligation to release works councillors from work dampen employment growth?)," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 41(2/3), pages 305-326.
  2. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:41:i:2/3:p:305-326 is not listed on IDEAS

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