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Welfare Magnets, Taxation and the Location Decisions of Migrants to the EU

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  • Klaus Nowotny

    (WIFO)

Abstract

Migrants are among the groups most vulnerable to economic fluctuations. As predicted by the "welfare magnet" hypothesis, migrants can therefore be expected to – ceteris paribus – prefer countries with more generous welfare provisions to insure themselves against labour market risks. This paper analyses the role of the welfare magnet hypothesis for migrants to the EU 15 at the regional level. The empirical analysis based on a random parameters logit model shows that the regional location decisions of migrants are mostly governed by income opportunities, labour market conditions, ethnic networks and a common language. There is no strong evidence for the welfare magnet hypothesis in the EU, but the empirical model shows that the income tax system has a large and consistent effect on locational choice.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by WIFO in its series WIFO Working Papers with number 393.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 04 Apr 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wfo:wpaper:y:2011:i:393

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Keywords: welfare magnet hypothesis; migration; random parameters logit model;

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Cited by:
  1. Stanislav Cernosa, 2011. "Openness to Trade, Migration and Foreign Direct Investments of the EU," WIFO Working Papers 401, WIFO.
  2. Mario Morger, 2013. "What Do Immigrants Value Most About Switzerland? Evidence of the Relative Importance of Income Taxes," CESifo Working Paper Series 4134, CESifo Group Munich.

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