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Where Do the Brainy Italians Go?

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  • Amelie Constant
  • Elena D'Agosto

Abstract

This paper studies the major determinants that affect the country choice of the talented Italian scientists and researchers who have at least a bachelor's from Italy and live abroad. There are three alternative country choices: the US/Canada, the UK, and other EU countries. On average, the brainy Italians exhibit a higher predicted probability to go to the US. Ceteris paribus, both push and pull factors are important. While having a Ph.D. from outside Italy predicts the UK choice, having extra working experience from outside Italy predicts migration to other EU countries. Those who stay abroad temporarily for two to four years are definitely more likely to go to the UK. Specialization in the fields of humanities, social sciences, and health are strong determinants of migration to the UK. For the move to the US, while the humanities area is a significant deterrent, health is a positive deciding factor. Lack of funds in Italy constitutes a significant push to the US.

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File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.79231.de/dp763.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its series Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin with number 763.

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Length: 26 p.
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp763

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Keywords: Brain drain; skilled migration; Italy; push-pull factors;

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Cited by:
  1. Sari Pekkala, 2005. "Economic Impacts of Immigration: A Survey," Discussion Papers, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT) 362, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
  2. Gibson, John & McKenzie, David, 2010. "The economic consequences of"brain drain"of the best and brightest: microeconomic evidence from five countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5394, The World Bank.
  3. Richard B. Freeman, 2010. "What Does Global Expansion of Higher Education Mean for the United States?," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: American Universities in a Global Market, pages 373-404 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Edward Bergman, 2011. "Hirschmann Mobility Among Academics of Highly Ranked EU Research Universities," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1134, European Regional Science Association.
  5. Klaus Nowotny, 2011. "Welfare Magnets, Taxation and the Location Decisions of Migrants to the EU," ERSA conference papers ersa11p133, European Regional Science Association.
  6. Grip Andries de & Fouarge Didier & Sauermann Jan, 2008. "What affects international migration of European science and engineering graduates?," ROA Research Memorandum, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA) 006, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
  7. Rosalind S Hunter, 2009. "The Elite Brain Drain," Working Papers id:2048, eSocialSciences.
  8. Wido Geis & Silke Uebelmesser & Martin Werding, 2008. "How do Migrants Choose their Destination Country? An Analysis of Institutional Determinants," CESifo Working Paper Series 2506, CESifo Group Munich.
  9. RosalindS. Hunter & Andrew J. Oswald & Bruce G. Charlton, 2009. "The Elite Brain Drain," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(538), pages F231-F251, 06.
  10. John Gibson & David McKenzie, 2013. "Scientific Mobility and Knowledge Networks in High Emigration Countries: Evidence from the Pacific," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1305, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.

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