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Political Cycles in Public Expenditure: Butter vs. Guns

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  • Vincenzo Bove

    ()
    (Department of Government, University of Essex)

  • Georgios Efthyvoulou

    ()
    (Department of Economics, The University of Sheffield)

Abstract

This paper investigates how the timing of elections and government ideological motivations influence the dynamics of social and military expenditure in a panel of 22 OECD countries over the period 1988-2008. Three basic results emerge. First, governments tend to bias outlays towards social expenditure and away from military expenditure at election times. Second, membership in the NATO alliance affects the timing of election-driven military spending manipulations. Third, partisan distinctions are clearly discernible but differ between the two types of expenditure: while certain categories of social expenditure are higher during left administrations, military expenditure are higher during right administrations.

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File URL: http://www.shef.ac.uk/economics/research/serps/articles/2013_016.html
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The University of Sheffield, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2013016.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:shf:wpaper:2013016

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Keywords: elections; partisanship; social expenditure; military expenditure;

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