The peace dividend : military spending cuts and economic growth
AbstractConventional wisdom suggests that reducing military spending may improve a country's economic growth, but empirical studies have produced ambiguous results on this point. Extending a standard growth model, the authors exploit both cross-section and time-series dimensions of available data to get consistent estimates of the growth-retarding effects of military spending. Military spending is growth-retarding because of its adverse impact on capital formation and resourceallocation. Model simulation results suggest a substantial long-term peace dividend - in the form of higher capacity output per capita - that may result from: 1) markedly lower military spending in most regions in the late 1980s; and 2) future cuts in military spending if global peace is secured.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 1577.
Date of creation: 29 Feb 1996
Date of revision:
Legal Products; Peace&Peacekeeping; Economic Theory&Research; Environmental Economics&Policies; Decentralization; Peace&Peacekeeping; Achieving Shared Growth; Inequality; Economic Theory&Research; Legal Products;
Other versions of this item:
- Malcolm Knight & Norman Loayza & Delano Villanueva, 1996. "The Peace Dividend: Military Spending Cuts and Economic Growth," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 43(1), pages 1-37, March.
- Malcolm D. Knight & Delano Villanueva & Norman Loayza, 1995. "The Peace Dividend - Military Spending Cuts and Economic Growth," IMF Working Papers 95/53, International Monetary Fund.
- O41 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
- O47 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
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