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Social Network and Job Quality: Evidence from Cameroon

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  • Yogo, Urbain Thierry

Abstract

Using Cameroonian data, this paper investigates the effects of social network on job quality. Social network is measured in terms of using friends and relatives while looking for a job. As regards to job quality, two aspects have been taken into consideration: monetary job quality which is captured by wage and non monetary job quality which is captured by a combination of social protection and job security. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of social network as regard to job quality, we make use of both Heckman selection model and Ordered Logit model. Our findings contrast with previous studies. Job seekers who make use of social network do not necessarily get a good job. More precisely, while the users of social networks exhibit a wage premium, they also exhibit a low job quality in terms of social protection and job security. We also find that social network contributes to explain job quality differential according to gender and institutional sectors (formal versus informal).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 44936.

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Date of creation: May 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:44936

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Related research

Keywords: Social Network; Job quality; Heckman selection model; Ordered Logit;

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References

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  1. Kugler, Adriana D., 2003. "Employee referrals and efficiency wages," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 531-556, October.
  2. Bentolila, Samuel & Michelacci, Claudio & Suarez, Javier, 2004. "Social Contacts and Occupational Choice," CEPR Discussion Papers 4308, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Michele Pellizzari, 2004. "Do Friends and Relatives Really Help in Getting a Good Job?," CEP Discussion Papers dp0623, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  4. William E. Even & David A. Macpherson, 1993. "The Decline of Private-Sector Unionism and the Gender Wage Gap," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 28(2), pages 279-296.
  5. Berardi, Nicoletta, 2009. "The Remains of Informality in the Formal Sector: Social Networks and Wages in Senegal's Labor Market," TSE Working Papers 09-129, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
  6. Florent Fremigacci & Yannick L’Horty, 2005. "La qualité de l’emploi en France : tendance et cycle," Documents de recherche 05-19, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  7. Clark, Andrew E., 2005. "Your Money or Your Life: Changing Job Quality in OECD Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 1610, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Eric Delattre & Mareva Sabatier, 2007. "Social Capital and Wages: An Econometric Evaluation of Social Networking's Effects," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 21(2), pages 209-236, 06.
  9. David, Quentin & Janiak, Alexandre & Wasmer, Etienne, 2010. "Local social capital and geographical mobility," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 191-204, September.
  10. Montgomery, James D, 1991. "Social Networks and Labor-Market Outcomes: Toward an Economic Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1407-18, December.
  11. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00311365 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. Arne L. Kalleberg & Stephen Vaisey, 2005. "Pathways to a Good Job: Perceived Work Quality among the Machinists in North America," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 43(3), pages 431-454, 09.
  13. Daniel S. Hamermesh, 1997. "Immigration and the Quality of Jobs," NBER Working Papers 6195, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Christine Erhel & Lucie Davoine, 2007. "La qualité de l'emploi en Europe : une approche comparative et dynamique," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 410(1), pages 47-69.
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