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A causal analysis of mother’s education on birth inequalities

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  • Bacci, Silvia
  • Bartolucci, Francesco
  • Pieroni, Luca

Abstract

We propose a causal analysis of the mother’s educational level on the health status of the newborn, in terms of gestational weeks and weight. The analysis is based on a finite mixture structural equation model, the parameters of which have a causal interpretation. The model is applied to a dataset of almost ten thausand deliveries collected in an Italian region. The analysis confirms that standard regression overestimates the impact of education on the child health. With respect to the current economic literature, our findings indicate that only high education has positive consequences on child health, implying that policy efforts in education should have benefits for welfare.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 38754.

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Date of creation: 12 Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38754

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Keywords: birthweight; finite mixtures; intergenerational health trasmission; latent class model; structural equation models;

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References

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  1. Lars Lefgren & Frank McIntyre, 2006. "The Relationship between Women's Education and Marriage Outcomes," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 24(4), pages 787-830, October.
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  3. Pierre-André Chiappori & Murat Iyigun & Yoram Weiss, 2009. "Investment in Schooling and the Marriage Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 99(5), pages 1689-1713, December.
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  5. Maarten Lindeboom & Ana Llena Nozal & Bas van der Klaauw, 2006. "Parental Education and Child Health: Evidence from a Schooling Reform," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 06-109/3, Tinbergen Institute.
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  7. Janet Currie, 2011. "Inequality at Birth: Some Causes and Consequences," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 16798, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  10. Abrevaya, Jason & Dahl, Christian M, 2008. "The Effects of Birth Inputs on Birthweight," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 26, pages 379-397.
  11. Gerhard Arminger & Petra Stein & Jörg Wittenberg, 1999. "Mixtures of conditional mean- and covariance-structure models," Psychometrika, Springer, Springer, vol. 64(4), pages 475-494, December.
  12. Shin-Yi Chou & Jin-Tan Liu & Michael Grossman & Theodore J. Joyce, 2007. "Parental Education and Child Health: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Taiwan," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 13466, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. David Lam, 1988. "Marriage Markets and Assortative Mating with Household Public Goods: Theoretical Results and Empirical Implications," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 23(4), pages 462-487.
  14. Douglas Almond & Kenneth Y. Chay & David S. Lee, 2004. "The Costs of Low Birth Weight," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 10552, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Gabriella Conti & James Heckman & Sergio Urzua, 2010. "The Education-Health Gradient," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 100(2), pages 234-38, May.
  16. Pencavel, John, 1998. "Assortative Mating by Schooling and the Work Behavior of Wives and Husbands," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 326-29, May.
  17. Bartolucci, Francesco & Forcina, Antonio, 2006. "A Class of Latent Marginal Models for CaptureRecapture Data With Continuous Covariates," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 101, pages 786-794, June.
  18. Rosenzweig, Mark R. & Wolpin, Kenneth I., 1991. "Inequality at birth : The scope for policy intervention," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 50(1-2), pages 205-228, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Pieroni, Luca & Salmasi, Luca, 2013. "Immigration policy and birth weight: positive externalities in Italian law," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 50368, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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