Public vs. private provision of charity care? Evidence from the expiration of Hill-Burton requirements in Florida
AbstractThis paper explores the consequences of the expiration of charity care requirements imposed on private hospitals by the Hill-Burton Act. We examine delivery care and the health of newborns using the universe of Florida births from 1989 to 2003 combined with hospital data from the American Hospital Association. We find that charity care requirements were binding on hospitals, but that private hospitals under obligation "cream skimmed" the least risky maternity patients. Conditional on patient characteristics, they provided less intensive maternity services but without compromising patient health. When obligations expired, private hospitals quickly reduced their charity caseloads, shifting maternity patients to public hospitals. The results in this paper suggest, perhaps surprisingly, that requiring private providers to serve the underinsured can be effective.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Health Economics.
Volume (Year): 30 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505560
Infant health Charity care Cesarean section Prematurity Hill-Burton;
Other versions of this item:
- Douglas Almond & Janet Currie & Emilia Simeonova, 2010. "Public vs. Private Provision of Charity Care? Evidence from the Expiration of Hill-Burton Requirements in Florida," NBER Working Papers 15798, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
- I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
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