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Measuring Cultural Diversity and its Impact on Innovation: Longitudinal Evidence from Dutch firms

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Author Info

  • Ceren Ozgen

    ()
    (Department of Spatial Economics, VU University Amsterdam)

  • Peter Nijkamp

    ()
    (Department of Spatial Economics, VU University Amsterdam)

  • Jacques Poot

    ()
    (National Institute of Demographic and Economic Analysis, University of Waikato)

Abstract

To investigate econometrically whether cultural diversity of a firm’s employees boosts innovation, we create a unique linked employer-employee dataset that combines data from two innovation surveys in The Netherlands with administrative and tax data. We calculate three distinct measures of diversity. We find that firms that employ fewer foreign workers are generally more innovative, but that diversity among a firm’s foreign workers is positively associated with innovation activity. The positive impact of diversity on product or process innovations is greater among firms in knowledge-intensive sectors and in internationally-oriented sectors. The impact is robust to accounting for endogeneity of foreign employment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London in its series Norface Discussion Paper Series with number 2013003.

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Date of creation: Jan 2013
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Handle: RePEc:nor:wpaper:2013003

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Keywords: immigration; innovation; cultural diversity; knowledge spillovers; linked administrative and survey data;

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  1. Angrist, Joshua D, 2001. "Estimations of Limited Dependent Variable Models with Dummy Endogenous Regressors: Simple Strategies for Empirical Practice," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 19(1), pages 2-16, January.
  2. Ottaviano, Gianmarco Ireo Paolo & Peri, Giovanni, 2004. "The Economic Value of Cultural Diversity: Evidence from US Cities," CEPR Discussion Papers 4233, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  6. Ceren Ozgen & Peter Nijkamp & Jacques Poot, 2011. "Immigration And Innovation In European Regions," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2011008, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Dirk Dohse & Robert Gold, 2014. "Cultural Diversity and Economic Policy," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 64, WWWforEurope.
  2. Alberto Alesina & Johann Harnoss & Hillel Rapoport, 2013. "Birthplace Diversity and Economic Prosperity," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1304, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  3. Longhi, Simonetta, 2013. "Impact of cultural diversity on wages, evidence from panel data," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(5), pages 797-807.

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