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Incidencia de las Horas Trabajadas en el Rendimiento Académico de Estudiantes Universitarios Argentinos

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  • María Victoria Fazio
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    Abstract

    En este trabajo se investiga la incidencia del trabajo del estudiante en su desempeño académico. Para analizar la relación entre el tiempo dedicado al trabajo y el desempeño académico de los alumnos se utilizan datos del Primer Censo de estudiantes de universidades nacionales de 1994. Los resultados compatibilizan con los argumentos contrapuestos sobre esta relación. Por un lado, si se postula un modelo lineal, se encuentra que las horas trabajadas inciden negativamente sobre el rendimiento. Por otro lado, en una especificación no lineal, las horas trabajadas se asocian en forma positiva y decreciente. En otros términos, para un nivel moderado de horas trabajadas, la incidencia puede ser positiva. Si se consideran sólo los alumnos con trabajos vinculados a la carrera, también se encuentra una relación no lineal, donde la relación positiva se evidencia para un mayor nivel de horas trabajadas. En contraste, si se analiza sólo el grupo con trabajos no vinculados, la relación resulta negativa, cualquiera sea el nivel de horas trabajadas. La investigación provee fundamentos empíricos a la legislación universitaria sobre pasantías acerca de las condiciones del trabajo del estudiante que preserven su desempeño académico.

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    File URL: http://www.depeco.econo.unlp.edu.ar/doctrab/doc52.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its series Department of Economics, Working Papers with number 052.

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    Length: 31 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2004
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:lap:wpaper:052

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    Fax: 54-21-25-9536
    Web page: http://www.depeco.econo.unlp.edu.ar/doctrab.php
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    Related research

    Keywords: trabajo del estudiante; rendimiento académico; horas trabajadas.;

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    References

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    1. Luciano Di Gresia & Alberto Porto, 2004. "Dinámica del Desempeño Académico," Department of Economics, Working Papers 049, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    2. Stern, David & Finkelstein, Neal & Urquiola, Miguel & Cagampang, Helen, 1997. "What difference does it make if school and work are connected? Evidence on co-operative education in the United States," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 213-229, June.
    3. Summers, Anita A & Wolfe, Barbara L, 1977. "Do Schools Make a Difference?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(4), pages 639-52, September.
    4. Ralph Stinebrickner & Todd R. Stinebrickner, 2003. "Working during School and Academic Performance," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(2), pages 449-472, April.
    5. Eckstein, Zvi & Wolpin, Kenneth, 1998. "Youth Employment and Academic Performance in High School," IZA Discussion Papers 18, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. Ronald G. Ehrenberg & Daniel R. Sherman, 1987. "Employment While in College, Academic Achievement and Post-College Outcomes: A Summary of Results," NBER Working Papers 1742, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Paula Inés Giovagnoli, 2002. "Determinantes de la deserción y graduación universitaria: Una aplicación utilizando modelos de duración," Department of Economics, Working Papers 037, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    8. Ruhm, Christopher J, 1997. "Is High School Employment Consumption or Investment?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(4), pages 735-76, October.
    9. Luciano Di Gresia & Alberto Porto & Laura Ripani, 2002. "Rendimiento de los Estudiantes de las Universidades Públicas Argentinas," Department of Economics, Working Papers 045, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    10. John H. Tyler, 2003. "Using State Child Labor Laws to Identify the Effect of School-Year Work on High School Achievement," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(2), pages 353-380, April.
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