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Incidencia de las Horas Trabajadas en el Rendimiento Académico de Estudiantes Universitarios Argentinos

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  • María Victoria Fazio

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    Abstract

    En este trabajo se investiga la incidencia del trabajo del estudiante en su desempeño académico. Para analizar la relación entre el tiempo dedicado al trabajo y el desempeño académico de los alumnos se utilizan datos del Primer Censo de estudiantes de universidades nacionales de 1994. Los resultados compatibilizan con los argumentos contrapuestos sobre esta relación. Por un lado, si se postula un modelo lineal, se encuentra que las horas trabajadas inciden negativamente sobre el rendimiento. Por otro lado, en una especificación no lineal, las horas trabajadas se asocian en forma positiva y decreciente. En otros términos, para un nivel moderado de horas trabajadas, la incidencia puede ser positiva. Si se consideran sólo los alumnos con trabajos vinculados a la carrera, también se encuentra una relación no lineal, donde la relación positiva se evidencia para un mayor nivel de horas trabajadas. En contraste, si se analiza sólo el grupo con trabajos no vinculados, la relación resulta negativa, cualquiera sea el nivel de horas trabajadas. La investigación provee fundamentos empíricos a la legislación universitaria sobre pasantías acerca de las condiciones del trabajo del estudiante que preserven su desempeño académico.

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    File URL: http://cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar/archivos_upload/doc_cedlas10.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its series CEDLAS, Working Papers with number 0010.

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    Length: 31 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2004
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0010

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    Keywords: trabajo del estudiante; rendimiento académico; horas trabajadas;

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