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Joblessness and Perceptions about the Effectiveness of Democracy

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  • Duha Altindag

    ()
    (Louisiana State University)

  • Naci Mocan

    ()
    (Louisiana State University)

Abstract

Using micro data on more than 130,000 individuals from 69 countries, we analyze the extent to which joblessness of the individuals and the prevailing unemployment rate in the country impact perceptions of the effectiveness of democracy. We find that personal joblessness experience translates into negative opinions about the effectiveness of democracy, and it increases the desire for a rouge leader. Evidence from people who live in European countries suggests that being jobless for more than a year is the main source of the impact. Joblessness-related negative attitude towards the effectiveness of democracy is not because of a general displeasure towards the government, but rather, it is targeted towards democracy. We also find that well-educated and wealthier individuals are less likely to indicate that democracies are ineffective. The beliefs about the effectiveness of democracy as system of governance are also shaped by the unemployment rate in countries with low levels of democracy. The results suggest that periods of high unemployment and joblessness would hinder the development of democracy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum in its series Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers with number 1016.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: May 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:koc:wpaper:1016

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Keywords: Unemployment duration; Democracy; Education; Development; World Values Survey;

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Cited by:
  1. Wietzke, Frank-Borge, 2014. "Pathways from jobs to social cohesion," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6804, The World Bank.
  2. Wietzke, Frank-Borge & McLeod, Catriona, 2013. "Jobs, wellbeing, and social cohesion : evidence from value and perception surveys," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6447, The World Bank.
  3. Hoda Abd El Hamid Ali Mohamed, 2013. "Scientific Advance and the Effectiveness of Democracy in Mena," Journal of Asian Scientific Research, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 3(11), pages 1058-1071, November.

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