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Does Women's Empowerment Reduce Prevalence of Stunted and Underweight Children in Rural India?

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Author Info

  • Katsushi S. Imai

    (Economics, School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester (UK) and RIEB, Kobe University (Japan))

  • Samuel Kobina Annim

    (Economics, School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester (UK) and Department of Economics, University of Cape Coast (Ghana))

  • Raghav Gaiha

    (Faculty of Management Studies, University of Delhi, India)

  • Veena S. Kulkarni

    (Arkansas State University, USA)

Abstract

This study investigates whether mother's empowerment as measured by mother's relative (to father) bargaining power affects children's nutritional status using the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) and National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) data spanning the period between 1992 and 2006. First, the relative bargaining index defined as the share of mother's schooling years over father's schooling years positively and significantly influences z scores pertaining to the short-term measures of nutritional status of children, 'weight-for-age' and 'weight- for-height'-. The results of quantile regression suggest, however, that the bargaining power will improve the chronic measure of nutritional status 'height-for-age', at the low end of conditional distribution of z score.. Further, we find that access to health scheme or health insurance and health-related facility, infrastructure and environment are important factors in reducing child malnutrition.

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File URL: http://www.rieb.kobe-u.ac.jp/academic/ra/dp/English/DP2012-11.pdf
File Function: Revised version, 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University in its series Discussion Paper Series with number DP2012-11.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2012
Date of revision: Dec 2012
Handle: RePEc:kob:dpaper:dp2012-11

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Keywords: Child Nutrition; Malnutrition; Empowerment; Bargaining; NFHS; NCAER; Quantile Regressions; Pseudo Panel; India;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Katsushi S. Imai & Raghav Gaiha & Ganesh Thapa, 2012. "Does Non-farm Sector Employment reduce Rural Poverty and Vulnerability? Evidence from Vietnam and India," Discussion Paper Series DP2012-25, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University, revised Nov 2012.
  2. Katsushi S. Imai & Takahiro Sato, 2014. "Recent Changes in Micro-Level Determinants of Fertility in India: Evidence from National Family Health Survey Data," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(1), pages 65-85, March.
  3. Katsushi S. Imai & Raghav Gaiha & Woojin Kang & Samuel Annim & Ganesh Thapa, 2012. "Does Risk Matter? A Semi-parametric Model for Educational Choices in the Presence of Uncertainty," The School of Economics Discussion Paper Series 1226, Economics, The University of Manchester.
  4. You, Jing, 2013. "The role of microcredit in older children’s nutrition: Quasi-experimental evidence from rural China," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 167-179.

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