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Improving child nutrition outcomes in India : can the integrated child development services be more effective?

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Author Info

  • Das Gupta, Monica
  • Lokshin, Michael
  • Gragnolati, Michele
  • Ivaschenko, Oleksiy

Abstract

Levels of child malnutrition in India fell only slowly during the 1990s, despite significant economic growth and large public spending on the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) program, of which the major component is supplementary feeding for malnourished children. To unravel this puzzle, the authors assess the program's placement and its outcomes using National Family Health Survey data from 1992 and 1998. They find that program placement is clearly regressive across states. The states with the greatest need for the program - the poor northern states with high levels of child malnutrition and nearly half of India's population - have the lowest program coverage and the lowest budgetary allocations from the central government. Program placement within a state is more progressive: poorer and larger villages have a higher probability of having an ICDS center, as do those with other development programs or community associations. The authors also find little evidence of program impact on child nutrition status in villages with ICDS centers.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3647.

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Date of creation: 01 Jun 2005
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3647

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Related research

Keywords: Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Early Child and Children's Health; Youth and Governance; Primary Education; Adolescent Health;

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Cited by:
  1. Katleen Van den Broeck, 2007. "Child Height and Maternal Health Care Knowledge in Mozambique," Discussion Papers 07-30, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
  2. Ashish Singh, 2011. "Inequality of Opportunity in Indian Children: The Case of Immunization and Nutrition," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, Springer, vol. 30(6), pages 861-883, December.
  3. Kandpal, Eeshani & McNamara, Paul E., 2009. "Determinants of Nutritional Outcomes of Children in India: A Quantile Regression Approach," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association 49415, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  4. Pooja Sharma & Ashok Gulati, 2012. "Approaches to Food Security in Brazil, China, India, Malaysia, Mexico and Nigeria: Lessons for Developing Countries," Working Papers id:4930, eSocialSciences.
  5. K. Kavi Kumar & Maithili Ramachandran & Brinda Viswanathan, 2009. "What Characterises Women Vulnerable to Chronic Energy Deficiency?," Social Indicators Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 90(3), pages 365-380, February.

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