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Productivity, Wages, and Marriage: The Case of Major League Baseball

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  • Cornaglia, Francesca

    ()
    (Queen Mary, University of London)

  • Feldman, Naomi E.

    ()
    (Federal Reserve Board)

Abstract

Using a sample of professional baseball players from 1871–2007, this paper aims at analyzing a longstanding empirical observation that married men earn significantly more than their single counterparts holding all else equal (the "marriage premium"). Baseball is a unique case study because it has a long history of statistics collection and numerous direct measurements of productivity. Our results show that the marriage premium also holds for baseball players, where married players earn up to 16 percent more than those who are not married, even after controlling for selection. The results hold only for players in the top third of the ability distribution and post 1975 when changes in the rules that govern wage contracts allowed for players to be valued closer to their true market price. Nonetheless, there do not appear to be clear differences in productivity between married and nonmarried players. We discuss possible reasons why employers may discriminate in favor of married men.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5695.

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Length: 57 pages
Date of creation: May 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5695

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Keywords: marriage premium; wage gap; productivity; baseball;

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