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Life-Cycle Patterns in Male/Female Differences in Job Search

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  • Kunze, Astrid

    ()
    (Norwegian School of Economics)

  • Troske, Kenneth

    ()
    (University of Kentucky)

Abstract

We investigate whether women search longer for a job than men and whether these differences change over the life cycle. Our empirical analysis exploits German register data on highly attached displaced workers. We apply duration models to analyze gender differences in job search taking into account observed and unobserved worker heterogeneity and censoring. Simple survival functions show that displaced women take longer to find a new job than comparable men. Disaggregation by age groups reveals that these differences are driven by differential behavior of prime age women. There is no significant difference in job search duration among the very young and older workers. These differential outcomes remain even after we control for differences in human capital, and when time dependence and unobserved heterogeneity are incorporated into the model.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4656.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Labour Economics, 2012, 19 (2), 176-185
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4656

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Keywords: displaced workers; job search; gender differences; wage differences; discrimination;

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References

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  1. Audra J. Bowlus & Zvi Eckstein, 1998. "Discrimination and Skill Differences in an Equilibrium Search Model," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 98-112/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Jacobson, Louis S & LaLonde, Robert J & Sullivan, Daniel G, 1993. "Earnings Losses of Displaced Workers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(4), pages 685-709, September.
  3. Bowlus, A.J., 1995. "A Search Interpretation of Male-Female Wage Differentials," UWO Department of Economics Working Papers, University of Western Ontario, Department of Economics 9504, University of Western Ontario, Department of Economics.
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  7. Rosen, A., 1998. "Search, Bargaining and Employer Discrimination," Papers, Uppsala - Working Paper Series 1998-13, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  8. Louis S. Jacobson & Robert J. LaLonde & Daniel G. Sullivan, 1993. "Long-term earnings losses of high-seniority displaced workers," Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Nov, pages 2-20.
  9. Bernd Fitzenberger & Astrid Kunze, 2005. "Vocational Training and Gender: Wages and Occupational Mobility among Young Workers," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(3), pages 392-415, Autumn.
  10. Luca Flabbi, 2010. "Gender Discrimination Estimation In A Search Model With Matching And Bargaining," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 51(3), pages 745-783, 08.
  11. Marcus Eliason & Donald Storrie, 2006. "Lasting or Latent Scars? Swedish Evidence on the Long-Term Effects of Job Displacement," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 24(4), pages 831-856, October.
  12. Madden, Janice Fanning, 1987. "Gender Differences in the Cost of Displacement: An Empirical Test of Discrimination in the Labor Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(2), pages 246-51, May.
  13. Luojia Hu & Christopher Taber, 2008. "Displacement, asymmetric information and heterogeneous human capital," Working Paper Series, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago WP-08-02, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
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  16. Lori G. Kletzer & Robert W. Fairlie, 2003. "The long-term costs of job displacement for young adult workers," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 56(4), pages 682-698, July.
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  18. Swaim, Paul & Podgursky, Michael, 1994. "Female Labor Supply Following Displacement: A Split-Population Model of Labor Force Participation and Job Search," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(4), pages 640-56, October.
  19. repec:fth:prinin:382 is not listed on IDEAS
  20. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1979. "Job Matching and the Theory of Turnover," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 972-90, October.
  21. Thomas F. Crossley & Stephen R. G. Jones & Peter Kuhn, 1994. "Gender Differences in Displacement Cost: Evidence and Implications," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 29(2), pages 461-480.
  22. Henry S. Farber, 1997. "The Changing face of Job Loss in the United States, 1981-1995," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 28(1997 Micr), pages 55-142.
  23. Michael Podgursky & Paul Swaim, 1987. "Job displacement and earnings loss: Evidence from the Displaced Worker Survey," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 41(1), pages 17-29, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Caliendo, Marco & Lee, Wang-Sheng & Mahlstedt, Robert, 2014. "The Gender Wage Gap: Does a Gender Gap in Reservation Wages Play a Part?," IZA Discussion Papers 8305, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Bivand, Roger, 2011. "Geocomputation and open source software: components and software stacks," Discussion Paper Series in Economics 23/2011, Department of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics.

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