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Why Has the Fraction of Contingent Workers Increased? A Case Study of Japan

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Author Info

  • Hirokatsu Asano

    (Faculty of Economics, Asia University)

  • Takahiro Ito

    (Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University)

  • Daiji Kawaguchi

    (Faculty of Economics, Hitotsubashi University)

Abstract

This paper explains the secular increase of contingent workers in Japan whose share of employment increased from 17 to 34 percent between 1986 and 2008. Changes in labor-forceand industrial compositions explain about one quarter of the increase of contingent workers. The uncertainty of product demand and the introduction of information and communication technologies increased firms' usage of contingent workers. The increase of contingent workers was concentrated among new entrants to the labor market, male workers of younger cohorts, and female workers of all cohorts, suggesting that the declining importance of the long-term employment relationship is a major cause for the increase of contingent workers.

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File URL: http://ir.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/metadb/up/ZZT00001/IDEC-DP2_01-3.pdf
File Function: First version, 2011
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Hiroshima University, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC) in its series IDEC DP2 Series with number 1-3.

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Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hir:idecdp:1-3

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Web page: http://www.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/en/idec/
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Keywords: Contingent Workers; Female Labor Supply; Uncertainty; ICT; Japan;

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Cited by:
  1. Kambayashi, Ryo & Kato, Takao, 2013. "Good Jobs, Bad Jobs, and the Great Recession: Lessons from Japan’s Lost Decade," CEI Working Paper Series 2013-01, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  2. Reiko Aoki, 2013. "A Demographic Perspective on Japan's “Lost Decades”," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 38, pages 103-112, 02.
  3. Esteban-Pretel, Julen & Fujimoto, Junichi, 2012. "Life-cycle search, match quality and Japan’s labor market," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 326-350.
  4. Chie Aoyagi & Giovanni Ganelli, 2013. "The Path to Higher Growth," IMF Working Papers 13/202, International Monetary Fund.
  5. MATSUURA Toshiyuki, 2013. "Why Did Manufacturing Firms Increase the Number of Non-regular Workers in the 2000s? Does international trade matter?," Discussion papers 13036, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  6. TANAKA Ayumu, 2012. "The Causal Effects of Exporting on Japanese Workers: A firm-level analysis," Discussion papers 12017, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  7. Aoki, Reiko, 2012. "Japan’s Demographics and the Lost Decades," CIS Discussion paper series 561, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  8. Ayumu Tanaka, 2012. "The Causal Effects of Exporting on Domestic Workers:A Firm-Level Analysis using Japanese Data," Discussion papers e-11-009, Graduate School of Economics Project Center, Kyoto University.

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