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The spatial transferability of parameters in a gravity model of commuting flows

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Author Info

  • McArthur, David Philip

    ()
    (Stord/Haugesund University College)

  • Kleppe, Gisle

    ()
    (Stord/Haugesund University College)

  • Thorsen, Inge

    ()
    (Stord/Haugesund University College)

  • Ubøe, Jan

    ()
    (Dept. of Finance and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration)

Abstract

This paper studies whether gravity model parameters estimated in one geographic area can give reasonable predictions of commuting flows in another. To do this, three sets of parameters are estimated for geographically proximate yet separate regions in south-west Norway. All possible combinations of data and parameters are considered, giving a total of nine cases. Of particular importance is the distinction between statistical equality of parameters and `practical' equality i.e. are the differences in predictions big enough to matter. A new type test best on the Standardised Root Mean Square Error (SRMSE) and Monte Carlo simulation is proposed and utilised.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Business and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 2010/3.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 19 May 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:nhhfms:2010_003

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Postal: NHH, Department of Business and Management Science, Helleveien 30, N-5045 Bergen, Norway
Phone: +47 55 95 92 93
Fax: +47 55 95 96 50
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Web page: http://www.nhh.no/en/research-faculty/department-of-business-and-management-science.aspx
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Related research

Keywords: Gravity model; commuting flows; regional science;

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