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A survey-based choice experiment on coca cultivation

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  • Marcela Ibanez

    (University of Göttingen)

  • Fredrik Carlsson

    (University of Gothenburg)

Abstract

From 1997 to 2005, an astonishing 5,200 million USD was invested to reduce cocaine production in Colombia, the world’s main cocaine producer. However, little is known about the effectiveness of policies targeting coca cultivation. This paper uses a surveybased experiment to evaluate the effects of the two main policies: eradication and alternative development programs. Our results support Becker’s (1968) model of crime participation and in addition shed light on other non-monetary factors that affect the coca cultivation decision: religion, legitimacy, remoteness, and poverty are found to be important. We find that coca cultivation is inelastic to increases in perceived risk and relative profit so eradication and alternative development would have a rather small effect on coca cultivation. A simple simulation exercise predicts that investing additional hundred thousand dollars in eradication decreases coca cultivation in only 1.5%.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Courant Research Centre PEG in its series Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers with number 17.

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Date of creation: 25 Nov 2009
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Handle: RePEc:got:gotcrc:017

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Keywords: illegal drugs; choice experiment; Colombia; crime;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Sagamba, Moïse & Shchetinin, Oleg & Yusupov, Nurmukhammad, 2011. "Do Microloan Officers Want to Lend to the Less Advantaged? Evidence from a Choice Experiment," Working Papers in Economics, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics 492, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  2. Juan Cardenas, 2011. "Social Norms and Behavior in the Local Commons as Seen Through the Lens of Field Experiments," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 48(3), pages 451-485, March.
  3. Reyes, Luis Carlos, 2014. "Estimating the Causal Effect of Forced Eradication on Coca Cultivation in Colombian Municipalities," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 70-84.
  4. Francesco Bogliacino & Alberto J. Naranjo, 2012. "Coca Leaves Production and Eradication: A General Equilibrium Analysis," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(1), pages 382-397.
  5. Veronesi, Marcella & Schlondorn, Tim & Zabel, Astrid & Engel, Stefanie, 2012. "Designing REDD+ Schemes to Address Permanence Concerns: Empirical Evidence from Kenya," Congress Papers, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA) 124131, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA).
  6. Juan Carlos Muñoz-Mora & Santiago Tobón-Zapata & Jesse d'Anjou, 2014. "Does land titling matter? The role of land property rights in the war on illicit crops in Colombia," HiCN Working Papers 168, Households in Conflict Network.
  7. Andersson, Camilla I.M., 2011. "Counterproductive Counternarcotic Strategies?," Discussion Papers, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development 118959, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development.
  8. Ibanez, Marcela & Martinsson, Peter, 2013. "Curbing coca cultivation in Colombia — A framed field experiment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 1-10.

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