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Kriminalität, ihre Ursachen und ihre Bekämpfung: Warum auch Ökonomen gefragt sind

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  • Entorf, Horst
  • Sprengler, Hannes

Abstract

In diesem Beitrag wird zunächst die Notwendigkeit einer ökonomischen Kriminalitätsforschung aufgezeigt. Im Anschluß daran wird ein Überblick über diese vor genau 30 Jahren mit einem viel beachteten Aufsatz von Gary Becker begründete Forschungsrichtung gegeben. Neben der Vorstellung der wichtigsten theoretischen Arbeiten zur Ökonomik der Kriminalität umfaßt der Beitrag eine Diskussion ausgewählter Bestimmungsfaktoren von Kriminalität in enger Anlehnung an die empirischen Forschungsergebnisse. Der Beitrag endet mit einem Ausblick auf den weiteren Forschungsbedarf. ; In this article we state the necessity why economists should engage in crime research and should not leave this field of research to jurists, psychologists and sociologists alone. After this we give a survey of the crime research by economists that was induced by a remarkable paper of Gary Becker 30 years ago. We present the most important theoretical articles and discuss selected determinants of crime in close connection with the results of empirical research. The paper concludes with the assessment of further research requirement. --

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Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Dokumentationen with number 98-01.

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Date of creation: 1998
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdok:9801

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Keywords: economics of crime;

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  1. Block, M K & Heineke, J M, 1975. "A Labor Theoretic Analysis of the Criminal Choice," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 65(3), pages 314-25, June.
  2. Steven D. Levitt, 1995. "Using Electoral Cycles in Police Hiring to Estimate the Effect of Policeon Crime," NBER Working Papers 4991, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Edward L. Glaeser & Bruce Sacerdote, 1996. "Why is There More Crime in Cities?," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1746, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  4. Richard B. Freeman, 1996. "Why Do So Many Young American Men Commit Crimes and What Might We Do about It?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 10(1), pages 25-42, Winter.
  5. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach," NBER Chapters, in: Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, pages 1-54 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Ehrlich, Isaac, 1973. "Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 521-65, May-June.
  7. Glaeser, Edward L & Sacerdote, Bruce & Scheinkman, Jose A, 1996. "Crime and Social Interactions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 111(2), pages 507-48, May.
  8. Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "Crime and the Employment of Disadvantaged Youths," NBER Working Papers 3875, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Cameron, Samuel, 1988. "The Economics of Crime Deterrence: A Survey of Theory and Evidence," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(2), pages 301-23.
  10. George A. Akerlof, 1997. "Social Distance and Social Decisions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(5), pages 1005-1028, September.
  11. Grogger, Jeffrey, 1995. "The Effect of Arrests on the Employment and Earnings of Young Men," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(1), pages 51-71, February.
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