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Security is like oxygen

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  • Zhang, Xiaobo

Abstract

"Since the early 1990s, Uganda has been one of Africa's fastest growing countries. However, at the sub-national level, growth has been uneven due to civil conflict in the northern region. Using a panel of household and community level data, this paper examines the links between security and economic growth. It is found that security is a pre-condition for successful economic development and that there is in fact a threshold level of security below which public investments in infrastructure and education have little impact on growth. Only when security exceeds this threshold do public investments stimulate economic growth. Economists and policy advisors living in peaceful countries often prescribe economic policies that hinge on the assumption of good security. In this manner, security, like oxygen, is taken for granted." Authors' Abstract

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Paper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series DSGD discussion papers with number 6.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:fpr:dsgddp:6

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Keywords: Conflict ;

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  1. Jan Willem Gunning & Paul Collier, 1999. "Explaining African Economic Performance," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(1), pages 64-111, March.
  2. repec:att:wimass:9419 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Rodrik, Dani, 2005. "Growth Strategies," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 14, pages 967-1014 Elsevier.
  4. Dercon, Stefan, 2004. "Growth and shocks: evidence from rural Ethiopia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 74(2), pages 309-329, August.
  5. Durlauf, S.M. & Johnson, P.A., 1995. "Multiple Regimes and Cross-Country Growth Behavior," Working papers, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems 9419r, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
  6. Anke Hoeffler & Catherine A. Pattillo & Paul Collier, 1999. "Flight Capital As a Portfolio Choice," IMF Working Papers 99/171, International Monetary Fund.
  7. Frances Stewart, 2003. "Conflict and the Millennium Development Goals," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(3), pages 325-351.
  8. Shenggen Fan & Xiaobo Zhang, 2008. "Public Expenditure, Growth and Poverty Reduction in Rural Uganda," African Development Review, African Development Bank, African Development Bank, vol. 20(3), pages 466-496.
  9. Colier, Paul, 1999. "On the Economic Consequences of Civil War," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(1), pages 168-83, January.
  10. Jonathan Temple, 1999. "The New Growth Evidence," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(1), pages 112-156, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Linacre, Nicholas A. & Koo, Bonwoo & Rosegrant, Mark W. & Msangi, Siwa & Falck-Zepeda, José & Gaskell, Joanne & Komen, John & Cohen, Marc J. & Birner, Regina, 2005. "Security analysis for agroterrorism: applying the threat, vulnerability, consequence framework to developing countries," EPTD discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 138, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. Benin, Sam & Mugarura, Samuel, 2006. "Determinants of change in household-level consumption and poverty in Uganda, 1992/93-1999/00:," DSGD discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 27, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

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