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Taxes, transfers, and employment in an incomplete markets model

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  • Jorge Alonso-Ortiz
  • Richard Rogerson

Abstract

Tax and transfer programs are analyzed in the context of a model with idiosyncratic productivity shocks and incomplete markets. The effects are contrasted with those obtained in a stand-in household model featuring no idiosyncratic shocks and complete markets. The main finding is that the impact on hours remains very large, but the welfare consequences are very different. The analysis also suggests that tax and transfer policies have large effects on average labor productivity via selection effects on employment.

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File URL: http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/cqer/publicationscq/cqerwp/cqer_wp10-07.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta in its series CQER Working Paper with number 2010-07.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedacq:2010-07

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References

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  1. Yongsung Chang & Sun-Bin Kim, 2003. "From individual to aggregate labor supply : a quantitative analysis based on a heterogeneous agent macroeconomy," Working Paper 03-05, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond.
  2. Sungbae An & Yongsung Chang & Sun-Bin Kim, 2007. "Can a Representative Agent Model Represent a Heterogeneous Agent Economy?," Discussion Paper Series 0714, Institute of Economic Research, Korea University.
  3. Richard Rogerson, 2008. "Structural Transformation and the Deterioration of European Labor Market Outcomes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 116(2), pages 235-259, 04.
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  6. Richard Rogerson, 2006. "Understanding Differences in Hours Worked," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 9(3), pages 365-409, July.
  7. Martin Floden & Jesper Lindé, 2001. "Idiosyncratic Risk in the United States and Sweden: Is There a Role for Government Insurance?," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 4(2), pages 406-437, July.
  8. Josep Pijoan-Mas, 2006. "Precautionary Savings or Working Longer Hours?," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 9(2), pages 326-352, April.
  9. Edward C. Prescott, 2004. "Why do Americans work so much more than Europeans?," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Jul, pages 2-13.
  10. Ljungqvist, Lars & Sargent, Thomas J, 2007. "Taxes, Benefits, and Careers: Complete Versus Incomplete Markets," CEPR Discussion Papers 6560, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  15. Mendoza, Enrique G. & Razin, Assaf & Tesar, Linda L., 1994. "Effective tax rates in macroeconomics: Cross-country estimates of tax rates on factor incomes and consumption," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 297-323, December.
  16. Aiyagari, S Rao, 1994. "Uninsured Idiosyncratic Risk and Aggregate Saving," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 109(3), pages 659-84, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Ricardo Reis & Hyunseung Oh, 2011. "Targeted Transfers and the Fiscal Response to the Great Recession," Discussion Papers 1011-10, Columbia University, Department of Economics.
  2. Alonso-Ortiz, Jorge, 2013. "Taxes, Transfers and the Macroeconomy," MPRA Paper 49569, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Berriel, Tiago C. & Zilberman, Eduardo, 2011. "Targeting the Poor: A Macroeconomic Analysis of Cash Transfer Programs," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 726, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  4. Regassa Senbeta S., 2011. "How applicable are the New Keynesian DSGE models to a typical Low-Income Economy?," Working Papers 2011016, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.
  5. Fève, Patrick & Matheron, Julien & Sahuc, Jean-Guillaume, 2012. "The Laffer Curve in an Incomplete-Market Economy," TSE Working Papers 12-288, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE), revised Jul 2013.
  6. Eduardo Zilberman & Anna Dos Reis, 2013. "On the Optimal Size of Public Employment," 2013 Meeting Papers 482, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  7. Michael P. Keane & Richard Rogerson, 2011. "Reconciling Micro and Macro Labor Supply Elasticities: A Structural Perspective," NBER Working Papers 17430, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Anna Carolina Saba dos Reis & Eduardo Zilberman, 2013. "On the Optimal Size of Public Employment," Textos para discussão 612, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
  9. Giovanni Di Bartolomeo & Patrizio Tirelli & Nicola Acocella, 2013. "The comeback of inflation as an optimal public finance tool," Working Papers 263, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Dec 2013.

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