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How important is Intra-household Risk Sharing for Savings and Labor Supply?

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  • Salvador Ortigueira
  • Nawid Siassi

Abstract

While it is recognized that the family is primarily an institution for risk sharing, little is known about the quantitative effects of this informal source of insurance on savings and labor supply. In this paper, we present a model where workers (females and males) are subject to idiosyncratic employment risk and where capital markets are incomplete. A household is formed by a female and a male, who make collective decisions on consumption, savings and labor supplies. In a calibrated version of our model, we find that precautionary savings are only 55% of those generated by a similar economy that lacks access to insurance from the family. We also find that intra-household risk sharing has its largest impact among wealthpoor households. While the wealth-rich use mainly savings to smooth consumption across unemployment spells, wealth-poor households rely on spousal labor supply. For instance, in the group of households with wealth less than two months worth of income, average hours worked by wives of unemployed husbands are 8% higher than those worked by wives of employed husbands. This response in wives’ hours makes up 9% of lost family income. We also find crowding out effects of public unemployment insurance that are comparable to those estimated from the data.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European University Institute in its series Economics Working Papers with number ECO2010/36.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:eui:euiwps:eco2010/36

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Keywords: Intra-household risk sharing; Collective household model; Idiosyncratic unemployment risk; Incomplete markets; Precautionary motive.;

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Cited by:
  1. Bulent Guler & Temel Taskin, 2013. "Does Unemployment Insurance Crowd out Home Production?," Working Papers 1323, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
  2. Julia Bredtmann & Sebastian Otten & Christian Rulff, 2014. "Husband’s Unemployment and Wife’s Labor Supply – The Added Worker Effect across Europe," Ruhr Economic Papers 0484, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.

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