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Exchange rate anchoring - Is there still a de facto US dollar standard?

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  • Bracke, Thierry
  • Bunda, Irina

Abstract

The paper provides a measure of exchange rate anchoring behaviour across 149 emerging market and developing economies for the 1980-2010 period. An extension of the Frankel and Wei (2008) methodology is used to determine whether exchange rates are pegged or floating, and in the case of pegs, to which anchor currencies they are pegged. To capture the role of major currencies over time, an aggregate trade-weighted indicator is constructed based on exchange rate regimes of individual countries. The evolution of this aggregate indicator suggests that the US dollar has continuously dominated exchange rate regimes, despite some temporary decoupling during major financial crises. JEL Classification: F30, F31, F33

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Central Bank in its series Working Paper Series with number 1353.

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Date of creation: Jun 2011
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Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20111353

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Related research

Keywords: de facto exchange rate regimes; emerging and developing economies; global currencies; international monetary system;

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References

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  1. Rose, Andrew, 1999. "One Money, One Market: Estimating the Effect of Common Currencies on Trade," Seminar Papers 678, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
  2. Nienke Oomes & Christopher M. Meissner, 2008. "Why Do Countries Peg the Way they Peg? the Determinants of Anchor Currency Choice," IMF Working Papers 08/132, International Monetary Fund.
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Cited by:
  1. Virginie Coudert & Cyriac Guillaumin & Hélène Raymond, 2014. "Looking at the other side of carry trades: Are there any safe haven currencies?," EconomiX Working Papers 2014-13, University of Paris West - Nanterre la Défense, EconomiX.
  2. Guohua He & Xinxin Chang, 2013. "The Dollar Standard and Stability of China’s Macroeconomy," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(4), pages 186-204, December.
  3. Virginie Coudert & Cécile Couharde & Valérie Mignon, 2012. "Pegging emerging currencies in the face of dollar swings," Working Papers 2012-21, CEPII research center.
  4. Ignazio Angeloni & Agnès Bénassy-Quéré & Benjamin Carton & Zsolt Darvas & Christophe Destais & Ludovic Gauvin & Jean Pisani-Ferry & André Sapir & Shahin Vallée, 2011. "Global currencies for tomorrow: A European perspective," European Economy - Economic Papers 444, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  5. Syed Kumail Abbas Rizvi & Bushra Naqvi & Nawazish Mirza, 2013. "Choice of Anchor Currencies and Dynamic Preferences for Exchange Rate Pegging in Asia," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 18(2), pages 37-49, July-Dec.

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