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Exchange Rate Regimes and Financial Dollarization: Does Flexibility Reduce Currency Mismatches in Bank Intermediation?

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  • Arteta Carlos O.

    ()
    (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System)

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    Abstract

    The dollarization of bank deposits and credit is widespread in developing countries, resulting in varying degrees of currency mismatches in domestic financial intermediation. It is argued that flexible exchange rate regimes generally encourage banks to match dollar-denominated liabilities with a corresponding amount of dollar-denominated assets. Does this argument apply to the behavior of dollar deposits and credits in financially dollarized economies? A new database on deposit and credit dollarization in developing and transition countries is assembled and used to address this question. Empirical results suggest that, if anything, floating regimes are positively associated with deposit dollarization more strongly than they are associated with credit dollarization. As a consequence, currency mismatches in domestic financial intermediation seem to be greater under floating regimes.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics.

    Volume (Year): 5 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 1 (May)
    Pages: 1-30

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    Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejmac:v:topics.5:y:2005:i:1:n:10

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    Web page: http://www.degruyter.com

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    Cited by:
    1. Romain Rancière & Aaron Tornell & Athanasio Vamvakidis, 2010. "Currency Mismatch and Systemic Risk in Emerging Europe," PSE - G-MOND WORKING PAPERS halshs-00967419, HAL.
    2. Kyriakos C. Neanidis & Christos S. Savva, 2009. "Financial Dollarization: Short-Run Determinants in Transition Economies," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 113, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
    3. Paul Castillo & Diego Winkelried, 2007. "Dollarization Persistence and Individual Heterogeneity," Working Papers 2007-004, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    4. Nicolas Berman, 2009. "Financial Crises and International Trade: The Long Way to Recovery," Economics Working Papers ECO2009/23, European University Institute.
    5. Baek, Seung-Gwan, 2013. "On the determinants of aggregate currency mismatch," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 623-637.
    6. Rossi Jr, José Luiz, 2009. "Corporate financial policies and the exchange rate regime: Evidence from Brazil," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 279-295, December.
    7. Aysun, Uluc & Honig, Adam, 2011. "Bankruptcy costs, liability dollarization, and vulnerability to sudden stops," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(2), pages 201-211, July.
    8. Márcio Holland & Edmar L. Bacha & Fernando M. Gonçalves, 2007. "Is Brazil Different? Risk, Dollarization, and Interest Rates in Emerging Markets," IMF Working Papers 07/294, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Honig, Adam, 2009. "Dollarization, exchange rate regimes and government quality," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 198-214, March.
    10. Edmar L. Bacha & Márcio Holland & Fernando M. Gonçalves, 2007. "Is Brazil Different? Risk, Dollarization, And Interest In Emerging Markets," Anais do XXXV Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 35th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 028, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].

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