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Travail et maternité en Europe: conditions de travail et politiques publiques

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  • Jérôme De Henau
  • Leila Maron
  • Danièle Meulders
  • Sile Padraigin O'Dorchai

Abstract

Le but de cette étude est, d'une part, d'analyser le coût de la maternité en termes de conditions et de perspectives de travail et, d'autre part, de mesurer l'impact (positif ou négatif) des politiques publiques sur les décisions des femmes en matière de maternité et d'emploi. Les résultats indiquent que les écarts d'emploi observés entre les femmes sans enfants et les femmes avec enfants en bas âge sont essentiellement imputables à une hausse de l’inactivité dans la plupart des pays. Toutefois, au Luxembourg, en Autriche, au Royaume-Uni et aux Pays-Bas, le travail à temps partiel explique également une part importante de l’écart. En termes de politiques publiques, les systèmes d'accueil d'enfants sont le moyen le plus efficace pour garantir l’accès au travail des parents tandis qu'en ce qui concerne les congés de maternité, leur durée devrait être limitée à la période nécessaire pour se remettre de l'accouchement afin d'éviter de mettre en péril la carrière professionnelle de la mère. Il en est de même pour les congés parentaux. Ce type de congé devrait être obligatoirement partagé entre les deux parents.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series DULBEA Working Papers with number 07-14.RS.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Publication status: Published by: ULB, DULBEA
Handle: RePEc:dul:wpaper:07-14rs

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Keywords: conditions de travail; emploi; maternité; politiques publiques.;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Sile Padraigin O'Dorchai, 2008. "Pay inequality in 25 European countries," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-06rs, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  2. Olivier Debande & Jean Luc De Meulemeester, 2008. "Quality and variety competition in higher education," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-12.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  3. Bernal, Oscar & Oosterlinck, Kim & Szafarz, Ariane, 2010. "Observing bailout expectations during a total eclipse of the sun," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(7), pages 1193-1205, November.
  4. Ariane Szafarz, 2007. "Hiring people-like-yourself: a representation of discrimination on the job market," Working Papers CEB, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 07-021.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  5. Benoît Mahy & François Rycx & Mélanie Volral, 2008. "L'influence de la dispersion salariale sur la performance des grandes entreprises belges," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(3), pages 27-40.
  6. Henri Capron & Michele Cincera, 2007. "EU pre-competitive and near-the-market S&T collaborations," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 50(1), pages 135-159.
  7. Hassan Ayoub & Jérôme Creel & Etienne Farvaque, 2008. "Détermination du niveau des prix et finances: le cas du Liban 1965-2005," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-10.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  8. Ilan Tojerow, 2008. "Industry wage differential, rent sharing and gender in Belgium," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-20.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  9. Abdeslam Marfouk, 2008. "The African brain drain: scope and determinants," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-07.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  10. Pierre-Guillaume Méon & Ariane Szafarz, 2008. "Labor market discrimination as an agency cost," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-19.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  11. Charles Plaigin, 2009. "Exploratory study on the presence of cultural and institutional growth spillovers," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 09-03.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  12. Henri Capron, 2007. "Politique de cohésion et développement régional," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 07-16.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.

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