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What determines Financial Development? Culture, Institutions, or Trade

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  • Nils Herger
  • Roland Hodler
  • Michael Lobsinger

Abstract

This paper endeavours to explain the vast differences in the size of capital markets across countries, by drawing together theories emphasising cultural values, dysfunctional institutions, or impediments to trade as obstacles to financial development. To account for endogeneity, instrumental variables pertaining to culture, geography, and colonial history are employed. We find that trade openness and institutions constraining the political elite from expropriating financiers exhibit a strong positive effect on the size of capital markets. Conversely, cultural beliefs and the cost of enforcing financial contracts seem not to introduce significant obstacles for financial development.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade in its series DEGIT Conference Papers with number c012_033.

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Length: 28 pages JEL Classification: F36, G2, O16
Date of creation: Jun 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:deg:conpap:c012_033

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Keywords: Financial Development; Culture; Institutional Quality; Trade;

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References

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  1. Djankov, Simeon & La Porta, Rafael & Shleifer, Andrei & Lopez de Silanes, Florencio, 2001. "The regulation of entry," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2661, The World Bank.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Sambit Bhattacharyya & Roland Hodler, 2010. "Do Natural Resource Revenues Hinder Financial Development? The role of political Institutions," OxCarre Working Papers 053, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
  2. Roxana Mihet, 2012. "Effects of Culture on Firm Risk-Taking," IMF Working Papers 12/210, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Roxana Mihet, 2013. "Effects of culture on firm risk-taking: a cross-country and cross-industry analysis," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer, vol. 37(1), pages 109-151, February.
  4. Ang, James B. & Kumar, Sanjesh, 2014. "Financial development and barriers to the cross-border diffusion of financial innovation," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 43-56.
  5. Vivien Kappel, 2010. "The Effects of Financial Development on Income Inequality and Poverty," CER-ETH Economics working paper series 10/127, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research (CER-ETH) at ETH Zurich.
  6. Sibel Bali Eryigit, 2010. "FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT and INSTITUTIONS: A LITERATURE REVIEW," Anadolu University Journal of Social Sciences, Anadolu University, vol. 10(2), pages 111-122, May.

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