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The regulation of entry

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  • Djankov, Simeon
  • La Porta, Rafael
  • Shleifer, Andrei
  • Lopez de Silanes, Florencio

Abstract

The authors present new data on the regulation of the entry of start-up firms in 85 countries. The data cover the number if procedures, official time, and official costs that a start-up firm must bear before it can operate legally. The official costs of entry are extremely high in most countries. Countries that regulate entry more heavily have greater corruption and larger unofficial economics, but not better quality goods (public or private). Countries with more democratic and limited governments regulate entry more lightly. The evidence is inconsistent with public interest theories of regulations, but supports the public choice view that regulating entry benefits politicians and bureaucrats.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 2661.

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Date of creation: 31 Aug 2001
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2661

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Keywords: International Terrorism&Counterterrorism; Environmental Economics&Policies; Public Health Promotion; Economic Theory&Research; Public Sector Economics&Finance; Environmental Economics&Policies; Economic Theory&Research; National Governance; Governance Indicators; Health Monitoring&Evaluation;

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  1. Simeon Djankov & Caralee McLiesh & Tatiana Nenova & Andrei Shleifer, 2001. "Who Owns the Media?," NBER Working Papers 8288, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer & Robert Vishny, 1998. "The Quality of Goverment," NBER Working Papers 6727, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. George J. Stigler, 1971. "The Theory of Economic Regulation," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, The RAND Corporation, vol. 2(1), pages 3-21, Spring.
  4. J. Bradford De Long & Andrei Shleifer, 1993. "Princes and Merchants: European City Growth before the Industrial Revolution," NBER Working Papers 4274, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. W. J. Henisz, 2000. "The Institutional Environment for Economic Growth," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(1), pages 1-31, 03.
  6. Banerjee, A.V., 1997. "A Theory of Misgovernance," Working papers, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics 97-4, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  7. Andrei Shleifer & Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez de Silanes & Cristian Pop-Eleches, 2002. "The Guarantees of Freedom," Yale School of Management Working Papers, Yale School of Management ysm261, Yale School of Management.
  8. Juan Botero & Simeon Djankov & Rafael LaPorta & Florencio López-de-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer, . "The Regulation of Labor," Working Paper 19483, Harvard University OpenScholar.
  9. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1998. "Law and Finance," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(6), pages 1113-1155, December.
  10. Thierry Verdier & Daron Acemoglu, 2000. "The Choice between Market Failures and Corruption," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 90(1), pages 194-211, March.
  11. Simon Johnson & Daniel Kaufman & Andrei Shleifer, 1997. "The Unofficial Economy in Transition," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 28(2), pages 159-240.
  12. Dominik H. Enste & Friedrich Schneider, 2000. "Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(1), pages 77-114, March.
  13. Banerjee, Abhijit V, 1997. "A Theory of Misgovernance," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 112(4), pages 1289-1332, November.
  14. Friedman, Eric & Johnson, Simon & Kaufmann, Daniel & Zoido-Lobaton, Pablo, 2000. "Dodging the grabbing hand: the determinants of unofficial activity in 69 countries," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 76(3), pages 459-493, June.
  15. Rafael Di Tella & Alberto Ades, 1999. "Rents, Competition, and Corruption," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 89(4), pages 982-993, September.
  16. Katharina Pistor, 2000. "Patterns of legal change: shareholder and creditor rights in transition economies," Working Papers, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Office of the Chief Economist 49, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Office of the Chief Economist.
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