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Profesionalización docente y la calidad de la educación escolar en Colombia

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  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía

    ()

  • Luis Armando Galvis

Abstract

This paper aims to study the impact of teachers´ professionalization degree on the quality of schools, measured by student performance on the standardized test SABER11. We use instrumental variables (IV) models, in order to overcome possible endogeneity problems. The results indicate that the professionalization degree has a positive effect on students´ performance. This effect is more noticeable in math than in language. Moreover, we find that public spending on education is positively correlated with degree of professionalization, while the adoption of the New Statute of 2002 has a negative impact. Resumen: El presente documento tiene por objetivo estudiar el impacto del grado de profesionalización de los docentes sobre los resultados en la calidad de la educación escolar, medida a través del desempeño académico de los estudiantes en la prueba SABER 11. Para esto, se emplean modelos de variables instrumentales (VI) que permiten enfrentar los posibles problemas de endogeneidad. Los resultados muestran que el grado de profesionalización docente tiene un efecto positivo sobre el desempeño de los alumnos, y que el impacto tiende a ser mayor en el área de matemáticas que en la de lenguaje. Además, se encuentra que el gasto público en educación incide positivamente sobre la profesionalización de los docentes, mientras que la adopción del Estatuto de profesionalización docente de 2002 tiene un efecto negativo.

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File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/documentos/publicaciones/regional/documentos/DTSER-154.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 009005.

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Date of creation: 26 Sep 2011
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:009005

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Keywords: Evaluación de impacto; profesionalización docente; calidad de la educación; variables instrumentales.;

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  21. Luis Armando Galvis & Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2011. "Las desigualdades en la distribución del nivel educativo de los docentes en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 008918, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
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Cited by:
  1. Alejandro Ome V., 2012. "The Effects of Meritocracy for Teachers in Colombia," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 010260, FEDESARROLLO.

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