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Impacto De La Descentralización Fiscal Sobre La Educación Pública Colombiana

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  • Ligia Melo Becerra

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Abstract

Este trabajo analiza el impacto de la descentralización fiscal en la provisión de la educación pública en Colombia. Dicho análisis se realiza mediante técnicas de frontera, que permiten estimar funciones de costo y de producción, para determinar diferencias entre los departamentos en eficiencia técnica y de asignación, en la provisión de la educación pública. Los resultados muestran la presencia de altos niveles de ineficiencia en costos y en producción en los diferentes departamentos del país, lo que implica que si las autoridades locales operaran al nivel del más eficiente podría obtenerse mejores resultados educativos y ahorro considerable en el gasto público. Por otra parte, durante el periodo de aplicación de la Ley 60 de 1993, se observa un impacto positivo en la ampliación de las tasas de cobertura, pero un impacto negativo en el logro académico de los estudiantes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 002802.

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Length: 54
Date of creation: 31 Aug 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000094:002802

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References

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  1. Eric A. Hanushek & Steven G. Rivkin & Lori L. Taylor, 1996. "Aggregation and the Estimated Effects of School Resources," NBER Working Papers 5548, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Hoxby, Caroline Minter, 1996. "How Teachers' Unions Affect Education Production," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 111(3), pages 671-718, August.
  3. Ellingsen, Tore, 1998. "Externalities vs internalities: a model of political integration," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 251-268, May.
  4. Schmidt, Peter & Sickles, Robin C, 1984. "Production Frontiers and Panel Data," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 2(4), pages 367-74, October.
  5. de Mello, Luiz Jr, 2000. "Fiscal Decentralization and Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations: A Cross-Country Analysis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 365-380, February.
  6. Anwar Shah, 2008. "Fiscal federalism and macroeconomic governance : for better or for worse?," CEMA Working Papers 584, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
  7. Alesina, Alberto & Spolaore, Enrico, 1997. "On the Number and Size of Nations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 112(4), pages 1027-56, November.
  8. John Ruggiero & Donald F. Vitaliano, 1999. "Assessing The Efficiency Of Public Schools Using Data Envelopment Analysis And Frontier Regression," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 17(3), pages 321-331, 07.
  9. George J. Borjas & Olga Lucía Acosta Navarro, 2000. "Education Reform in Colombia," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 002410, FEDESARROLLO.
  10. Hanushek, Eric A, 1986. "The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 24(3), pages 1141-77, September.
  11. Hamid Davoodi & Heng-fu Zou, 1996. "Fiscal Decentralization and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Study," CEMA Working Papers 98, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
  12. Persson, Torsten & Tabellini, Guido, 1996. "Federal Fiscal Constitutions: Risk Sharing and Moral Hazard," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(3), pages 623-46, May.
  13. Persson, Torsten & Tabellini, Guido, 1996. "Federal Fiscal Constitutions: Risk Sharing and Redistribution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(5), pages 979-1009, October.
  14. Maria Iacovou, 2002. "Class Size in the Early Years: Is Smaller Really Better?," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(3), pages 261-290.
  15. Robalino, David A. & Picazo, Oscar F. & Voetberg, Albertus, 2001. "Does fiscal decentralization improve health outcomes? - evidence from a cross-country analysis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2565, The World Bank.
  16. Mercedes Gumbau Albert, 1998. "Regional technical efficiency: a stochastic frontier approach," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(11), pages 723-726.
  17. Timothy Besley & Stephen Coate, 1999. "Centralized versus Decentralized Provision of Local Public Goods: A Political Economy Analysis," NBER Working Papers 7084, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  18. Levitt Steven & Mauricio Rubio, 2000. "Understanding Crime in Colombia and What Can Be Done About It," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 003735, FEDESARROLLO.
  19. Shawna Grosskopf & Kathy J. Hayes & Lori L. Taylor & William L. Weber, 1997. "Budget-Constrained Frontier Measures Of Fiscal Equality And Efficiency In Schooling," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 79(1), pages 116-124, February.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ignacio Lozano & María Adelaida Martínez, 2013. "Enrollment and Quality Levels of Colombia's Public Basic Education: Has Fiscal Decentralization Improved Them?," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 010387, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Luis Armando Galvis & Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2011. "Las desigualdades en la distribución del nivel educativo de los docentes en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 008918, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  3. Jaime Bonet, 2005. "Inequidad espacial en la dotación educativa regional en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 002846, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  4. Luis Armando Galvis & Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2012. "Desigualdades regionales en el nivel educativo de los profesores en Colombia," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 14(26), pages 223-240, January-J.
  5. Gerardo Antonio Buchelli Lozano & Jhon Jairo Marín Restrepo, 2012. "Estimación de la eficiencia del sector metalmecánico en colombia: análisis de frontera estocástica," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID.
  6. Paul Rodríguez Lesmes & José Trujillo & Daniel Valderrama, 2013. "Más allá de la infraestructura: el impacto de las bibliotecas públicas en la calidad de la educación," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 010499, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  7. Hernán Rincón & Jorge Ramos & Ignacio Lozano, 2004. "Crisis Fiscal Actual: Diagnóstico Y Recomendaciones," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002244, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  8. Fabio Sánchez Torres & Mónica Pachón, 2013. "Descentralización, Esfuerzo Fiscal y Progreso Social en Colombia en el Nivel Local, 1994-2009: ¿Por qué Importa la Política Nacional?," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 011468, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  9. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía & Luis Armando Galvis, 2012. "Profesionalización docente y calidad de la educación escolar en Colombia," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
  10. Ligia Alba Melo B. & Jorge Enrique Ramos F. & Pedro Oswaldo Hernández S., 2014. "La Educación Superior en Colombia: Situación Actual y Análisis de Eficiencia," Borradores de Economia 808, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  11. Silvana GODOY MATEUS, 2013. "Análisis del programa de ampliación de cobertura en Cali con respecto a la calidad de la educación, medido a través de las pruebas de Estado," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 011197, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  12. Igancio Lozano & Jorge Ramos & Hernán Rincón, . "Implicaciones Fiscales y Sectoriales de la Reforma a las Transferencias Territoriales en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 437, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  13. Fabio Sánchez Torres & Mónica Pachón, 2013. "Decentralization, Fiscal Effort and Social Progress in Colombia at the Municipal Level, 1994-2009: Why Does National Politics Matter?," IDB Publications 81418, Inter-American Development Bank.
  14. World Bank, 2008. "Colombia - The Quality of Education in Colombia : An Analysis and Options for a Policy Agenda," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7875, The World Bank.
  15. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía & Luis Armando Galvis, 2011. "Profesionalización docente y la calidad de la educación escolar en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 009005, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  16. Fabio Sánchez, 2006. "Descentralización Y Progreso En El Acceso A Los Servicios Sociales De Educación, Salud Y Agua Y Alcantarillado," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002287, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.

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