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Las desigualdades en la distribución del nivel educativo de los docentes en Colombia

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  • Luis Armando Galvis

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  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía

Abstract

This paper aims to study the differences in the degree of professionalization of teachers in educational institutions in Colombia. We decompose the inequalities in the supply of teachers according to their degree of professionalization through the Theil index. Next, we carry out estimates of the determinants of professionalization, taking into account characteristics of the school and the municipalities where the institutions operate. We evaluate two hypotheses: first, whether more public spending on education personnel by local authorities has helped to improve the level of training of the teachers in government institutions; next, we assess the impact of the teacher professionalization law of 2002 on the degree of teacher professionalization. Resumen: El presente documento tiene por objetivo estudiar las desigualdades en la distribución de la formación académica de los docentes en Colombia. Para esto, se descomponen las desigualdades en la dotación de profesores según el grado de profesionalización de éstos a través de los índices de Theil. Además, se llevan a cabo estimaciones de los determinantes de esa profesionalización teniendo en cuenta características del colegio y de los municipios donde funcionan las instituciones. Se evalúan dos hipótesis: por un lado, si un mayor gasto público en personal educativo por parte de los entes territoriales ha contribuido a mejorar el nivel de formación de los docentes de las instituciones oficiales. Por otro lado, se evalúan los efectos del Nuevo Estatuto de Profesionalización Docente de 2002 sobre el nivel educativo promedio de los profesores.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 008918.

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Date of creation: 25 Aug 2011
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:008918

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Keywords: profesionalización docente; gasto en educación; Nuevo Estatuto Docente.;

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References

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  1. Jairo NUÑEZ MENDEZ & Roberto STEINER & Ximena CADENA & Renata PARDO, 2002. "¿Cuáles colegios ofrecen mejor educación en Colombia?," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 003795, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  2. Luis Armando Galvis, 2010. "Comportamiento de los salarios reales en Colombia: Un análisis de convergencia condicional, 1984-2009," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 007047, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  3. Gregory Gilpin & Michael Kaganovich, 2009. "The Quantity and Quality of Teachers: A Dynamic Trade-off," CESifo Working Paper Series 2516, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Alejandro GAVIRIA, 2001. "Determinantes de la calidad de la educación en Colombia," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002301, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  5. Ligia Melo Becerra, 2005. "Impacto De La Descentralización Fiscal Sobre La Educación Pública Colombiana," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002802, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  6. Darius Lakdawalla, 2001. "The Declining Quality of Teachers," NBER Working Papers 8263, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. David N. Figlio, 2002. "Can public schools buy better-qualified teachers?," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 55(4), pages 686-699, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía & Luis Armando Galvis, 2011. "Profesionalización docente y la calidad de la educación escolar en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 009005, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  2. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía & Luis Armando Galvis, 2012. "Profesionalización docente y calidad de la educación escolar en Colombia," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.

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