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International Student Mobility and High-Skilled Migration: The Evidence

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  • Gabriel J. Felbermayr
  • Isabella Reczkowski

Abstract

Using information from the UNCTAD, we construct a new balanced panel database ofbilateral international student mobility for 150 origin countries, 23 host countries, andthe years 1970–2000. We match these data with information on bilateral stocks of internationalmigrants by educational attainment from census data, available for 1990 and2000. We estimate a theory-founded gravity model by conditional fixed effects PoissonPseudo Maximum Likelihood to investigate the question: To what extent do countriesthat attract foreign students benefit from an increased stock of educated foreign workers?We find that, on average, an increase of students by 10 percent increases the stockof tertiary educated workers in host countries by about 0.9 percent. That average effectis, however, entirely driven by Anglo-Saxon countries. On average, our results imply astudent retention rate of about 70 percent. These results suggest that the costs of educatingforeign students are at least partly offset by increased availability of foreign talent.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its series Ifo Working Paper Series with number Ifo Working Paper No. 132.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifowps:_132

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Related research

Keywords: Migration; education; international student mobility; brain drain; panel data; Poisson model;

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  1. Head, Keith & Mayer, Thierry & Ries, John, 2010. "The erosion of colonial trade linkages after independence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 1-14, May.
  2. Frédéric Docquier & B. Lindsay Lowell & Abdeslam Marfouk, 2009. "A Gendered Assessment of Highly Skilled Emigration," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 35(2), pages 297-321.
  3. Dreher, Axel & Poutvaara, Panu, 2011. "Foreign students and migration to the United States," Munich Reprints in Economics 20044, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  4. Bob Anderton, 1997. "UK Labour Market Reforms and Sectoral Wage Formation," NIESR Discussion Papers 216, National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
  5. Santos Silva, Joao & Tenreyro, Silvana, 2005. "The Log of Gravity," CEPR Discussion Papers 5311, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Pedersen, Peder J. & Pytlikova, Mariola & Smith, Nina, 2008. "Selection and network effects--Migration flows into OECD countries 1990-2000," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(7), pages 1160-1186, October.
  7. Beine, Michel & Docquier, Frédéric & Özden, Çaglar, 2011. "Diasporas," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 30-41, May.
  8. Baruch, Yehuda & Budhwar, Pawan S. & Khatri, Naresh, 2007. "Brain drain: Inclination to stay abroad after studies," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 99-112, March.
  9. Ximena Clark & Timothy J. Hatton & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2007. "Explaining U.S. Immigration, 1971-1998," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 89(2), pages 359-373, May.
  10. Moshe Justman & Jacques-Francois Thisse, 2000. "Local Public Funding of Higher Education When Skilled Labor is Imperfectly Mobile," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 247-258, May.
  11. Hatton, Timothy J., 2004. "Emigration from the UK, 1870 1998," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(02), pages 149-171, August.
  12. Demange, Gabrielle & Fenge, Robert & Uebelmesser, Silke, 2008. "The Provision of Higher Education in a Global World - Analysis and Policy Implications," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 0806, CEPREMAP.
  13. Michel Beine & Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2007. "Measuring International Skilled Migration: A New Database Controlling for Age of Entry," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 21(2), pages 249-254, June.
  14. Grogger, Jeffrey & Hanson, Gordon H., 2011. "Income maximization and the selection and sorting of international migrants," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 42-57, May.
  15. Thomas Lange, 2009. "Public Funding of Higher Education when Students and Skilled Workers are Mobile," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 65(2), pages 178-199, June.
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