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Foreign Students and Migration to the United States

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Author Info

  • Dreher, Axel
  • Poutvaara, Panu

Abstract

Summary Using panel data for 78 countries of origin we examine the impact of the inflow of foreign students in to the United States on migration patterns in the country over the 1971-2001 period. We find that the stock of foreign students is an important predictor of subsequent migration. The estimated relationship shows that an increase in the number of students by 10% increases immigration to the United States by a maximum of 0.94%. This suggests that student flows result in a significant brain gain for the United States.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 39 (2011)
Issue (Month): 8 (August)
Pages: 1294-1307

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:39:y:2011:i:8:p:1294-1307

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

Related research

Keywords: migration education student flows brain drain North America United States;

References

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  1. Silke Uebelmesser, 2005. "To go or not to go: Emigration from Germany," CESifo Working Paper Series 1626, CESifo Group Munich.
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  14. Michaelowa, Katharina, 2001. "Primary Education Quality in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa: Determinants of Learning Achievement and Efficiency Considerations," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(10), pages 1699-1716, October.
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  16. Klaus Deininger & Lyn Squire, 1996. "A New Data Set Measuring Income Inequality," CEMA Working Papers 512, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
  17. Michael Fertig, 2001. "The economic impact of EU-enlargement: assessing the migration potential," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 26(4), pages 707-720.
  18. Louka T. Katseli & Robert E.B. Lucas & Theodora Xenogiani, 2006. "Effects of Migration on Sending Countries: What Do We Know?," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 250, OECD Publishing.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Rainald Borck & Silke Uebelmesser & Martin Wimbersky, 2012. "The Political Economics of Higher Education Finance for Mobile Individuals," CESifo Working Paper Series 3877, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Alexander Haupt & Tim Krieger & Thomas Lange, 2011. "Competition for the International Pool of Talent: Education Policy and Student Mobility," Working Papers 35, University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics.
  3. Marcel Gérard & Silke Uebelmesser, 2013. "Globalization and Access to Higher Education – Policy Implications," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 11(2), pages 03-10, 07.
  4. Haupt, Alexander & Krieger, Tim & Lange, Thomas, 2013. "Education policy, student migration, and brain gain," Discussion Paper Series 2013-05, University of Freiburg, Wilfried Guth Endowed Chair for Constitutional Political Economy and Competition Policy.
  5. Gabriel J. Felbermayr & Isabella Reczkowski, 2012. "International Student Mobility and High-Skilled Migration: The Evidence," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 132, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  6. Gabrielle Demange & Robert Fenge & Silke Uebelmesser, 2012. "Financing Higher Education in a Mobile World," CESifo Working Paper Series 3849, CESifo Group Munich.

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