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Foreign Students and Migration to the United States

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  • Dreher, Axel
  • Poutvaara, Panu

Abstract

Summary Using panel data for 78 countries of origin we examine the impact of the inflow of foreign students in to the United States on migration patterns in the country over the 1971-2001 period. We find that the stock of foreign students is an important predictor of subsequent migration. The estimated relationship shows that an increase in the number of students by 10% increases immigration to the United States by a maximum of 0.94%. This suggests that student flows result in a significant brain gain for the United States.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 39 (2011)
Issue (Month): 8 (August)
Pages: 1294-1307

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:39:y:2011:i:8:p:1294-1307

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

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Keywords: migration education student flows brain drain North America United States;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Govert E. Bijwaard & Qi Wang, . "Return Migration of Foreign Students," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1427, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  2. Alexander Haupt & Tim Krieger & Thomas Lange, 2011. "Competition for the International Pool of Talent: Education Policy and Student Mobility," CESifo Working Paper Series 3421, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Gabriel J. Felbermayr & Isabella Reczkowski, 2012. "International Student Mobility and High-Skilled Migration: The Evidence," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 132, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  4. Übelmesser, Silke & Borck, Rainald & Wimbersky, Martin, 2013. "The Political Economics of Higher Education Finance for Mobile Individuals," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79717, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  5. Gabrielle Demange & Robert Fenge & Silke Uebelmesser, 2012. "Financing Higher Education in a Mobile World," CESifo Working Paper Series 3849, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Marcel Gérard & Silke Uebelmesser, 2013. "Globalization and Access to Higher Education – Policy Implications," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 11(2), pages 03-10, 07.
  7. Silke Übelmesser & Marcel Gérard, 2014. "Financing Higher Education when Students and Graduates are Internationally Mobile," Jena Economic Research Papers 2014-009, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
  8. Romuald Méango, 2014. "International Student Migration: A Partial Identification Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 4677, CESifo Group Munich.
  9. Haupt, Alexander & Krieger, Tim & Lange, Thomas, 2013. "Education policy, student migration, and brain gain," Discussion Paper Series 2013-05, University of Freiburg, Wilfried Guth Endowed Chair for Constitutional Political Economy and Competition Policy.

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